Reliable and sensitive physical testing of elite trapeze sailors

J. Bay, J. Bojsen-Møller, N. B. Nordsborg*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

It was investigated whether a newly developed discipline-specific test for elite-level trapeze sailors is reliable and sensitive. Furthermore, the physical demands of trapeze sailing were examined. In part 1, 9 national team athletes were accustomed to a simulated sailing test, which subsequently was completed on 4 occasions to determine test reliability and sensitivity to manipulations in body weight. Rope-pulling mean power output (MPO), oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and blood lactate values were acquired in all trials. In part 2, 6 sailors completed on-water racing with concurrent measurements of VO2, HR, and blood lactate. VO2max was determined during an incremental treadmill running test. Typical error, minimal difference, and ICC for average MPO in the test were 1.3%, 1.7%, and 0.99%, respectively. Adding 4 kg of external body weight caused a decrease in average MPO (270 ± 45W vs 265 ± 45W, P <.05) and an increase in VO2 (2.44 ± 0.23 L·min−1 vs 2.55 ± 0.26 L·min−1, P <.01). VO2, HR, and blood lactate during on-water sailing were 54.5% ± 7.2% VO2max, 75.1% ± 3.1% HRmax, and 5.8 ± 2.7 mmol·L−1, respectively. However, VO2 and HR were substantially higher for periods of the race as peak values were 83.5% ± 11.4% and 89.9% ± 1.7% of max, respectively. In conclusion, the present test is reliable and sensitive, thus providing a sailing-specific alternative to traditional physical testing of elite trapeze sailors. Additionally, on-water racing requires moderate aerobic energy production, although oxygen consumption can approach maximal levels for short periods of time.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports
Volume28
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)919-927
ISSN0905-7188
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2018

Fingerprint

Lactic Acid
Oxygen Consumption
Exercise Test
Athletes

Keywords

  • aerobic capacity
  • anaerobic capacity
  • performance analysis
  • power
  • sailing
  • Heart Rate
  • Reproducibility of Results
  • Humans
  • Oxygen Consumption
  • Male
  • Athletes
  • Lactic Acid/blood
  • Water Sports/physiology
  • Young Adult
  • Exercise Test
  • Adult

Cite this

@article{a0004ead6c2447ba909a1e043af7cc89,
title = "Reliable and sensitive physical testing of elite trapeze sailors",
abstract = "It was investigated whether a newly developed discipline-specific test for elite-level trapeze sailors is reliable and sensitive. Furthermore, the physical demands of trapeze sailing were examined. In part 1, 9 national team athletes were accustomed to a simulated sailing test, which subsequently was completed on 4 occasions to determine test reliability and sensitivity to manipulations in body weight. Rope-pulling mean power output (MPO), oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and blood lactate values were acquired in all trials. In part 2, 6 sailors completed on-water racing with concurrent measurements of VO2, HR, and blood lactate. VO2max was determined during an incremental treadmill running test. Typical error, minimal difference, and ICC for average MPO in the test were 1.3{\%}, 1.7{\%}, and 0.99{\%}, respectively. Adding 4 kg of external body weight caused a decrease in average MPO (270 ± 45W vs 265 ± 45W, P <.05) and an increase in VO2 (2.44 ± 0.23 L·min−1 vs 2.55 ± 0.26 L·min−1, P <.01). VO2, HR, and blood lactate during on-water sailing were 54.5{\%} ± 7.2{\%} VO2max, 75.1{\%} ± 3.1{\%} HRmax, and 5.8 ± 2.7 mmol·L−1, respectively. However, VO2 and HR were substantially higher for periods of the race as peak values were 83.5{\%} ± 11.4{\%} and 89.9{\%} ± 1.7{\%} of max, respectively. In conclusion, the present test is reliable and sensitive, thus providing a sailing-specific alternative to traditional physical testing of elite trapeze sailors. Additionally, on-water racing requires moderate aerobic energy production, although oxygen consumption can approach maximal levels for short periods of time.",
keywords = "aerobic capacity, anaerobic capacity, performance analysis, power, sailing, Heart Rate, Reproducibility of Results, Humans, Oxygen Consumption, Male, Athletes, Lactic Acid/blood, Water Sports/physiology, Young Adult, Exercise Test, Adult",
author = "J. Bay and J. Bojsen-M{\o}ller and Nordsborg, {N. B.}",
year = "2018",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1111/sms.12993",
language = "English",
volume = "28",
pages = "919--927",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports",
issn = "0905-7188",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "3",

}

Reliable and sensitive physical testing of elite trapeze sailors. / Bay, J.; Bojsen-Møller, J.; Nordsborg, N. B.

In: Scandinavian Journal of Medicine and Science in Sports, Vol. 28, No. 3, 03.2018, p. 919-927.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reliable and sensitive physical testing of elite trapeze sailors

AU - Bay, J.

AU - Bojsen-Møller, J.

AU - Nordsborg, N. B.

PY - 2018/3

Y1 - 2018/3

N2 - It was investigated whether a newly developed discipline-specific test for elite-level trapeze sailors is reliable and sensitive. Furthermore, the physical demands of trapeze sailing were examined. In part 1, 9 national team athletes were accustomed to a simulated sailing test, which subsequently was completed on 4 occasions to determine test reliability and sensitivity to manipulations in body weight. Rope-pulling mean power output (MPO), oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and blood lactate values were acquired in all trials. In part 2, 6 sailors completed on-water racing with concurrent measurements of VO2, HR, and blood lactate. VO2max was determined during an incremental treadmill running test. Typical error, minimal difference, and ICC for average MPO in the test were 1.3%, 1.7%, and 0.99%, respectively. Adding 4 kg of external body weight caused a decrease in average MPO (270 ± 45W vs 265 ± 45W, P <.05) and an increase in VO2 (2.44 ± 0.23 L·min−1 vs 2.55 ± 0.26 L·min−1, P <.01). VO2, HR, and blood lactate during on-water sailing were 54.5% ± 7.2% VO2max, 75.1% ± 3.1% HRmax, and 5.8 ± 2.7 mmol·L−1, respectively. However, VO2 and HR were substantially higher for periods of the race as peak values were 83.5% ± 11.4% and 89.9% ± 1.7% of max, respectively. In conclusion, the present test is reliable and sensitive, thus providing a sailing-specific alternative to traditional physical testing of elite trapeze sailors. Additionally, on-water racing requires moderate aerobic energy production, although oxygen consumption can approach maximal levels for short periods of time.

AB - It was investigated whether a newly developed discipline-specific test for elite-level trapeze sailors is reliable and sensitive. Furthermore, the physical demands of trapeze sailing were examined. In part 1, 9 national team athletes were accustomed to a simulated sailing test, which subsequently was completed on 4 occasions to determine test reliability and sensitivity to manipulations in body weight. Rope-pulling mean power output (MPO), oxygen consumption (VO2), heart rate (HR), and blood lactate values were acquired in all trials. In part 2, 6 sailors completed on-water racing with concurrent measurements of VO2, HR, and blood lactate. VO2max was determined during an incremental treadmill running test. Typical error, minimal difference, and ICC for average MPO in the test were 1.3%, 1.7%, and 0.99%, respectively. Adding 4 kg of external body weight caused a decrease in average MPO (270 ± 45W vs 265 ± 45W, P <.05) and an increase in VO2 (2.44 ± 0.23 L·min−1 vs 2.55 ± 0.26 L·min−1, P <.01). VO2, HR, and blood lactate during on-water sailing were 54.5% ± 7.2% VO2max, 75.1% ± 3.1% HRmax, and 5.8 ± 2.7 mmol·L−1, respectively. However, VO2 and HR were substantially higher for periods of the race as peak values were 83.5% ± 11.4% and 89.9% ± 1.7% of max, respectively. In conclusion, the present test is reliable and sensitive, thus providing a sailing-specific alternative to traditional physical testing of elite trapeze sailors. Additionally, on-water racing requires moderate aerobic energy production, although oxygen consumption can approach maximal levels for short periods of time.

KW - aerobic capacity

KW - anaerobic capacity

KW - performance analysis

KW - power

KW - sailing

KW - Heart Rate

KW - Reproducibility of Results

KW - Humans

KW - Oxygen Consumption

KW - Male

KW - Athletes

KW - Lactic Acid/blood

KW - Water Sports/physiology

KW - Young Adult

KW - Exercise Test

KW - Adult

U2 - 10.1111/sms.12993

DO - 10.1111/sms.12993

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 29027266

AN - SCOPUS:85042426163

VL - 28

SP - 919

EP - 927

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Medicine & Science in Sports

SN - 0905-7188

IS - 3

ER -