Reflection in the training of general practitioners in clinical practice settings: a scoping review protocol

Linda Schumann Scheel, Niels Kristian Kjaer, Casey Marnie, Micah D J Peters

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


OBJECTIVE: The objective of this scoping review is to explore formalized methods of reflection that are used in clinical settings in general practice when training medical students, postgraduate trainees, general practitioners, and family physicians.

INTRODUCTION: Medical professionals are increasingly required to demonstrate competency in their ability to reflect on clinical practice. To accommodate this, the teaching of reflection is common in medical programs; however, there is a lack of clarity in the literature on how reflection is taught.

INCLUSION CRITERIA: This review will seek evidence describing the tools and approaches to reflection used by medical students, postgraduate trainees, and other registered medical professionals in general practice. The review will also include any evidence from those who teach reflection in a general practice setting. Evidence regarding reflection in training programs for other medical specialties will not be considered for inclusion.

METHODS: This review will follow the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses extension for Scoping Reviews (PRISMA-ScR), and the JBI methodology for scoping reviews. Databases to be searched will include MEDLINE (Ovid), Emcare (Ovid), Embase (Ovid), Web of Science, Scopus, and the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. Extracted evidence will be presented using figurative, tabular, and accompanying narrative synthesis in line with the review questions.

SCOPING REVIEW DETAILS: Open Science Framework

Original languageEnglish
JournalJBI evidence synthesis
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 3. Feb 2023

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