Organic semiconductors based on small molecules are receiving increased attention due in part to their application potential within various opto-electronic devices such as transistors, light-emitting diodes, and solar cells, but also due to their relative ease of processing, low price, and tunability through synthetic chemistry. Phenylene-based molecules such as para-hexaphenylene (p6P) are of particular interest due to their ability to self-assemble into elongated, nanoscale, crystalline aggregates or ‘nanofibers’ . Such nanofibers can emit polarized light with a highly anisotropic emission profile, can act a sub-wavelength optical waveguides, and could form the basis for a new type of miniature OLEDs. However, p6P molecules exhibit a characteristic photoinduced reaction (bleaching) resulting in a decrease of luminescence intensity upon UV light exposure , which could render the technological use of the nanofibers problematic. In order to investigate the photoinduced reaction in nanofibers, optical bleaching experiments have been performed by irradiating both pristine and coated nanofibers with UV light. Oxide coating materials (SiOx  and Al2O3) were applied onto p6P nanofibers. These treatments caused a reduction of the bleaching reaction but in addition, the nanofiber luminescence spectrum was significantly altered. It was observed that some polymer coatings (P(TFE-PDD), and PMMA) do not interfere with the luminescence spectrum from the p6P but are not effective in stopping the bleaching. Bilayer coatings with first a polymer material, which should work as a protection layer to avoid modifications of the p6P luminescence spectrum, and second an oxide layer used as oxygen blocker were tested and it was found that a particular bilayer polymer/oxide combination results in a significant reduction of bleaching without affecting significantly the emission spectrum from the nanofibers.
|Publication date||Sep 2010|
|Publication status||Published - Sep 2010|
Bibliographical note F. Balzer and H.-G. Rubahn, Adv. Funct. Mater. 15 (2005) 17
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- Organic nanofibers