Reasons for Diagnostic Delay in Gynecological Malignancies

Mai Partridge Vandborg, René Depont Christensen, Jakob Kragstrup, Kasper Edwards, Peter Vedsted, Dorte Gilså Hansen, Ole Mogensen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

INTRODUCTION:: To describe the different delay types in women with gynecological cancer and to analyze the relationship between diagnostic delay and a number of characteristics for patients, cancers, and the health care system. METHOD:: Data were obtained from 4 different questionnaires, the Electronic Patient Journal (EPJ), and the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database (DGCD). A total of 161 women with ovarian cancer (63), endometrial cancer (50), cervical cancer (34), and vulvar cancer (14) were included. Outcome measures were different delay types counted in days and 4 clinically important variables' impact on the diagnostic delay: presence of alarm symptoms, age (divided into 2 groups: ≤60 or >60 years), performance of gynecological examination by the general practitioner (GP), and notification of cancer suspicion on first referral from GP. RESULTS:: Across cancer types, median total delay was 101 days. Some 10% of women experienced the longest delay with a total delay of 436 days or more. Vulva cancer had the longest delay, whereas women with ovarian cancer had the shortest delay. More than one third (39%) of the women consulted their GP for reasons other than the predefined alarm symptoms. Gynecological examination by the GP was less likely to be performed if the woman did not present with vaginal bleeding. The length of the delay was shortened by performance of a gynecological examination by the GP and a primary referral from the GP raising the receiver's suspicion of cancer. CONCLUSION:: Reducing diagnostic delays should be achievable, particularly for those most delayed, and interventions aimed at reducing delays need to be developed. Creation of new valid instruments for measuring delay is essential in future research.
Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Gynecological Cancer
Volume21
Issue number6
Pages (from-to)967-974
Number of pages8
ISSN1048-891X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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General Practitioners
Vulvar Neoplasms
Neoplasms
Ovarian Neoplasms
Referral and Consultation
Endometrial Neoplasms
Uterine Cervical Neoplasms
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Databases
Delivery of Health Care

Cite this

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title = "Reasons for Diagnostic Delay in Gynecological Malignancies",
abstract = "INTRODUCTION:: To describe the different delay types in women with gynecological cancer and to analyze the relationship between diagnostic delay and a number of characteristics for patients, cancers, and the health care system. METHOD:: Data were obtained from 4 different questionnaires, the Electronic Patient Journal (EPJ), and the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database (DGCD). A total of 161 women with ovarian cancer (63), endometrial cancer (50), cervical cancer (34), and vulvar cancer (14) were included. Outcome measures were different delay types counted in days and 4 clinically important variables' impact on the diagnostic delay: presence of alarm symptoms, age (divided into 2 groups: ≤60 or >60 years), performance of gynecological examination by the general practitioner (GP), and notification of cancer suspicion on first referral from GP. RESULTS:: Across cancer types, median total delay was 101 days. Some 10{\%} of women experienced the longest delay with a total delay of 436 days or more. Vulva cancer had the longest delay, whereas women with ovarian cancer had the shortest delay. More than one third (39{\%}) of the women consulted their GP for reasons other than the predefined alarm symptoms. Gynecological examination by the GP was less likely to be performed if the woman did not present with vaginal bleeding. The length of the delay was shortened by performance of a gynecological examination by the GP and a primary referral from the GP raising the receiver's suspicion of cancer. CONCLUSION:: Reducing diagnostic delays should be achievable, particularly for those most delayed, and interventions aimed at reducing delays need to be developed. Creation of new valid instruments for measuring delay is essential in future research.",
author = "Vandborg, {Mai Partridge} and Christensen, {Ren{\'e} Depont} and Jakob Kragstrup and Kasper Edwards and Peter Vedsted and Hansen, {Dorte Gils{\aa}} and Ole Mogensen",
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Reasons for Diagnostic Delay in Gynecological Malignancies. / Vandborg, Mai Partridge; Christensen, René Depont; Kragstrup, Jakob; Edwards, Kasper; Vedsted, Peter; Hansen, Dorte Gilså; Mogensen, Ole.

In: International Journal of Gynecological Cancer, Vol. 21, No. 6, 2011, p. 967-974.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Reasons for Diagnostic Delay in Gynecological Malignancies

AU - Vandborg, Mai Partridge

AU - Christensen, René Depont

AU - Kragstrup, Jakob

AU - Edwards, Kasper

AU - Vedsted, Peter

AU - Hansen, Dorte Gilså

AU - Mogensen, Ole

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - INTRODUCTION:: To describe the different delay types in women with gynecological cancer and to analyze the relationship between diagnostic delay and a number of characteristics for patients, cancers, and the health care system. METHOD:: Data were obtained from 4 different questionnaires, the Electronic Patient Journal (EPJ), and the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database (DGCD). A total of 161 women with ovarian cancer (63), endometrial cancer (50), cervical cancer (34), and vulvar cancer (14) were included. Outcome measures were different delay types counted in days and 4 clinically important variables' impact on the diagnostic delay: presence of alarm symptoms, age (divided into 2 groups: ≤60 or >60 years), performance of gynecological examination by the general practitioner (GP), and notification of cancer suspicion on first referral from GP. RESULTS:: Across cancer types, median total delay was 101 days. Some 10% of women experienced the longest delay with a total delay of 436 days or more. Vulva cancer had the longest delay, whereas women with ovarian cancer had the shortest delay. More than one third (39%) of the women consulted their GP for reasons other than the predefined alarm symptoms. Gynecological examination by the GP was less likely to be performed if the woman did not present with vaginal bleeding. The length of the delay was shortened by performance of a gynecological examination by the GP and a primary referral from the GP raising the receiver's suspicion of cancer. CONCLUSION:: Reducing diagnostic delays should be achievable, particularly for those most delayed, and interventions aimed at reducing delays need to be developed. Creation of new valid instruments for measuring delay is essential in future research.

AB - INTRODUCTION:: To describe the different delay types in women with gynecological cancer and to analyze the relationship between diagnostic delay and a number of characteristics for patients, cancers, and the health care system. METHOD:: Data were obtained from 4 different questionnaires, the Electronic Patient Journal (EPJ), and the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database (DGCD). A total of 161 women with ovarian cancer (63), endometrial cancer (50), cervical cancer (34), and vulvar cancer (14) were included. Outcome measures were different delay types counted in days and 4 clinically important variables' impact on the diagnostic delay: presence of alarm symptoms, age (divided into 2 groups: ≤60 or >60 years), performance of gynecological examination by the general practitioner (GP), and notification of cancer suspicion on first referral from GP. RESULTS:: Across cancer types, median total delay was 101 days. Some 10% of women experienced the longest delay with a total delay of 436 days or more. Vulva cancer had the longest delay, whereas women with ovarian cancer had the shortest delay. More than one third (39%) of the women consulted their GP for reasons other than the predefined alarm symptoms. Gynecological examination by the GP was less likely to be performed if the woman did not present with vaginal bleeding. The length of the delay was shortened by performance of a gynecological examination by the GP and a primary referral from the GP raising the receiver's suspicion of cancer. CONCLUSION:: Reducing diagnostic delays should be achievable, particularly for those most delayed, and interventions aimed at reducing delays need to be developed. Creation of new valid instruments for measuring delay is essential in future research.

U2 - 10.1097/IGC.0b013e31821d2770

DO - 10.1097/IGC.0b013e31821d2770

M3 - Journal article

VL - 21

SP - 967

EP - 974

JO - International Journal of Gynecological Cancer

JF - International Journal of Gynecological Cancer

SN - 1048-891X

IS - 6

ER -