We conducted a genome-wide association study (GWAS) of Digit Symbol Substitution Test (DSST) scores administered in 4207 family members of the Long Life Family Study (LLFS). Genotype data were imputed to the HRC panel of 64,940 haplotypes resulting in ∼15M genetic variants with quality score > 0.7. The results were replicated using genetic data imputed to the 1000 Genomes phase 3 reference panel from two Danish twin cohorts: the study of Middle Aged Danish Twins and the Longitudinal Study of Aging Danish Twins. The GWAS in LLFS discovered 18 rare genetic variants (minor allele frequency (MAF) < 1.0%) that reached genome-wide significance (p-value < 5 × 10−8). Among these, 17 rare variants in chromosome 3 had large protective effects on the processing speed, including rs7623455, rs9821776, rs9821587, rs78704059, which were replicated in the combined Danish twin cohort. These SNPs are located in/near two genes, THRB and RARB, that belonged to thyroid hormone receptors family that may influence speed of metabolism and cognitive aging. The gene-level tests in LLFS confirmed that these two genes are associated with processing speed.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNeurobiology of Aging
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2023

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