Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter?

    Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

    Abstract

    Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter?

    Authors
    Meilstrup C, Ersbøll AK, Nielsen L, Due P, Holstein BE

    Background
    A large minority of children and adolescents suffer from mental distress and it is important to identify contributing factors. Most research focus on individual level factors and little research concern contextual level factors. The objective of this presentation is to identify individual level and school level factors associated with mental distress.

    Methods
    We used the Danish HBSC study 2010 including 11, 13 and 15 year old students in a random sample of schools, n=4922. Students answered the standardized HBSC questionnaire including several items about their mental health and the psychosocial school environment. Further, school-leaders answered a questionnaire on school environment. We applied multilevel analyses to identify and quantify explanatory factors at three levels, individuals nested in classes nested in schools.

    Results
    Large variations in psychological complaints from one school to another were found. One example is that the proportion of students with at daily experience of emotional complaints varied between 7% and 32% across schools. Individual level variables such as low socio-economic position and family composition explained much of the variation across schools. Still, class level variables also contributed to this variation. In classes where many students reported that the class-mates doesn´t like being together, there was a high prevalence of psychological complaints (P=0.0076). This finding suggests contextual effects on psychological complaints.

    Conclusion and implications for research
    Although we expected individual level factors to explain much of the variation in psychological complaints between schools (compositional effects), this study suggest that contextual factors are important to take into account in the research on psychological complaints among children and adolescents.
    This analytical model presents a way for future studies about contextual influences on psychological complaints.
    Original languageEnglish
    Publication date2012
    Publication statusPublished - 2012
    EventThe Seventh World Conference on the promotion of Mental Health and the prevention of mental and behavioral disorders - Perth, Australia
    Duration: 17. Oct 201219. Nov 2012

    Conference

    ConferenceThe Seventh World Conference on the promotion of Mental Health and the prevention of mental and behavioral disorders
    CountryAustralia
    CityPerth
    Period17/10/201219/11/2012

    Cite this

    Meilstrup, C., Ersbøll, A. K., Nielsen, L., Due, P., & Holstein, B. E. (2012). Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter?. Abstract from The Seventh World Conference on the promotion of Mental Health and the prevention of mental and behavioral disorders, Perth, Australia.
    Meilstrup, Charlotte ; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær ; Nielsen, Line ; Due, Pernille ; Holstein, Bjørn Evald. / Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter?. Abstract from The Seventh World Conference on the promotion of Mental Health and the prevention of mental and behavioral disorders, Perth, Australia.
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    abstract = "Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter? Authors Meilstrup C, Ersb{\o}ll AK, Nielsen L, Due P, Holstein BE Background A large minority of children and adolescents suffer from mental distress and it is important to identify contributing factors. Most research focus on individual level factors and little research concern contextual level factors. The objective of this presentation is to identify individual level and school level factors associated with mental distress. Methods We used the Danish HBSC study 2010 including 11, 13 and 15 year old students in a random sample of schools, n=4922. Students answered the standardized HBSC questionnaire including several items about their mental health and the psychosocial school environment. Further, school-leaders answered a questionnaire on school environment. We applied multilevel analyses to identify and quantify explanatory factors at three levels, individuals nested in classes nested in schools. Results Large variations in psychological complaints from one school to another were found. One example is that the proportion of students with at daily experience of emotional complaints varied between 7{\%} and 32{\%} across schools. Individual level variables such as low socio-economic position and family composition explained much of the variation across schools. Still, class level variables also contributed to this variation. In classes where many students reported that the class-mates doesn´t like being together, there was a high prevalence of psychological complaints (P=0.0076). This finding suggests contextual effects on psychological complaints. Conclusion and implications for research Although we expected individual level factors to explain much of the variation in psychological complaints between schools (compositional effects), this study suggest that contextual factors are important to take into account in the research on psychological complaints among children and adolescents. This analytical model presents a way for future studies about contextual influences on psychological complaints.",
    author = "Charlotte Meilstrup and Ersb{\o}ll, {Annette Kj{\ae}r} and Line Nielsen and Pernille Due and Holstein, {Bj{\o}rn Evald}",
    year = "2012",
    language = "English",
    note = "null ; Conference date: 17-10-2012 Through 19-11-2012",

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    Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter? / Meilstrup, Charlotte; Ersbøll, Annette Kjær; Nielsen, Line; Due, Pernille; Holstein, Bjørn Evald.

    2012. Abstract from The Seventh World Conference on the promotion of Mental Health and the prevention of mental and behavioral disorders, Perth, Australia.

    Research output: Contribution to conference without publisher/journalConference abstract for conferenceResearchpeer-review

    TY - ABST

    T1 - Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter?

    AU - Meilstrup, Charlotte

    AU - Ersbøll, Annette Kjær

    AU - Nielsen, Line

    AU - Due, Pernille

    AU - Holstein, Bjørn Evald

    PY - 2012

    Y1 - 2012

    N2 - Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter? Authors Meilstrup C, Ersbøll AK, Nielsen L, Due P, Holstein BE Background A large minority of children and adolescents suffer from mental distress and it is important to identify contributing factors. Most research focus on individual level factors and little research concern contextual level factors. The objective of this presentation is to identify individual level and school level factors associated with mental distress. Methods We used the Danish HBSC study 2010 including 11, 13 and 15 year old students in a random sample of schools, n=4922. Students answered the standardized HBSC questionnaire including several items about their mental health and the psychosocial school environment. Further, school-leaders answered a questionnaire on school environment. We applied multilevel analyses to identify and quantify explanatory factors at three levels, individuals nested in classes nested in schools. Results Large variations in psychological complaints from one school to another were found. One example is that the proportion of students with at daily experience of emotional complaints varied between 7% and 32% across schools. Individual level variables such as low socio-economic position and family composition explained much of the variation across schools. Still, class level variables also contributed to this variation. In classes where many students reported that the class-mates doesn´t like being together, there was a high prevalence of psychological complaints (P=0.0076). This finding suggests contextual effects on psychological complaints. Conclusion and implications for research Although we expected individual level factors to explain much of the variation in psychological complaints between schools (compositional effects), this study suggest that contextual factors are important to take into account in the research on psychological complaints among children and adolescents. This analytical model presents a way for future studies about contextual influences on psychological complaints.

    AB - Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter? Authors Meilstrup C, Ersbøll AK, Nielsen L, Due P, Holstein BE Background A large minority of children and adolescents suffer from mental distress and it is important to identify contributing factors. Most research focus on individual level factors and little research concern contextual level factors. The objective of this presentation is to identify individual level and school level factors associated with mental distress. Methods We used the Danish HBSC study 2010 including 11, 13 and 15 year old students in a random sample of schools, n=4922. Students answered the standardized HBSC questionnaire including several items about their mental health and the psychosocial school environment. Further, school-leaders answered a questionnaire on school environment. We applied multilevel analyses to identify and quantify explanatory factors at three levels, individuals nested in classes nested in schools. Results Large variations in psychological complaints from one school to another were found. One example is that the proportion of students with at daily experience of emotional complaints varied between 7% and 32% across schools. Individual level variables such as low socio-economic position and family composition explained much of the variation across schools. Still, class level variables also contributed to this variation. In classes where many students reported that the class-mates doesn´t like being together, there was a high prevalence of psychological complaints (P=0.0076). This finding suggests contextual effects on psychological complaints. Conclusion and implications for research Although we expected individual level factors to explain much of the variation in psychological complaints between schools (compositional effects), this study suggest that contextual factors are important to take into account in the research on psychological complaints among children and adolescents. This analytical model presents a way for future studies about contextual influences on psychological complaints.

    M3 - Conference abstract for conference

    ER -

    Meilstrup C, Ersbøll AK, Nielsen L, Due P, Holstein BE. Psychological distress among children and adolescents. Do individual or contextual factors matter?. 2012. Abstract from The Seventh World Conference on the promotion of Mental Health and the prevention of mental and behavioral disorders, Perth, Australia.