Psychiatric and Physical Health Outcomes Associated with Interpersonal Violence: A Propensity Score Matching Approach

Siobhan Murphy, Marie Kruse, Ask Elklit*, Ole Brink

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

This study examined the association between interpersonal violence and a range of psychiatric and physical health outcomes and assessed whether these associations changed when controlling for a stress-related diagnosis. An observational case–control study was conducted on a sample of 4,059 victims of violence. Using propensity score matching a number of risk factors (assessed five years prior assault) were used. Controls were matched 10:1 using the Danish Central Registry System. Outcomes were ICD-10 diagnoses of a range of psychiatric and physical health outcomes in the 15 years post-injury. Statistically significant associations were found for all psychiatric conditions and a diagnosis of a drug or substance misuse disorder. These findings remained even after controlling for a diagnosis of a stress-related disorder. Large scale case–control studies using the Danish nationwide registers enables a powerful way of assessing the relative impact of exposure to interpersonal violence on the development of psychiatric and physical health problems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPsychiatric Quarterly
Volume92
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)1635-1644
Number of pages10
ISSN0033-2720
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021

Keywords

  • Interpersonal violence
  • Physical health
  • Propensity score matching
  • Psychiatric outcomes

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