Protein kinase CK2: evidence for a protein kinase CK2beta subunit fraction, devoid of the catalytic CK2alpha subunit, in mouse brain and testicles.

B Guerra, S Siemer, B Boldyreff, O G Issinger

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

The highest CK2 activity was found in mouse testicles and brain, followed by spleen, liver, lung, kidney and heart. The activity values were directly correlated with the protein expression level of the CK2 subunits alpha (catalytic) and beta (regulatory). The alpha' subunit was only detected in brain and testicles. By contrast, Northern blot analyses of the CK2alpha mRNA revealed a somewhat different picture. Here, the strongest signals were obtained for brain, liver, heart and lung. In kidney, spleen and testicles mRNAs were only weakly detectable. For CK2alpha' mRNA distribution strong signals were observed for lung, liver and testicles. In the case of CK2beta mRNA the highest signals were found for testicles, kidney, brain and liver. The amount of CK2beta mRNA in testicles was estimated to be about 6-fold higher than in brain. The strongest CK2beta signals in the Western blot were found for testicles and brain. The amount of CK2beta protein in brain in comparison to the other organs (except testicles) was estimated to be ca. 2-3-fold higher whereas the ratio of CK2beta between testicles and brain was estimated to be 3-4-fold. Results from the immunoprecipitation experiments support the notion for the existence of free CK2beta population and/or CK2beta in complex with other protein(s) present in brain and testicles. In all other mouse organs investigated, i.e. heart, lung, liver, kidney and spleen, no comparable amount of free CK2beta was observed. This is the first physiological evidence for the existence of a 'free CK2beta' (or in complex with proteins other than CK2a) in normal animal tissue apart from the hitherto dogmatic association with CK2alpha in a tetrameric holoenzyme complex.
Original languageEnglish
JournalFEBS Letters
Volume462
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)353-7
Number of pages4
ISSN0014-5793
Publication statusPublished - 3. Dec 1999

Keywords

  • Animals
  • Blotting, Northern
  • Blotting, Western
  • Brain
  • Casein Kinase II
  • Catalysis
  • Catalytic Domain
  • DNA-Binding Proteins
  • Holoenzymes
  • Male
  • Mice
  • Precipitin Tests
  • Protein-Serine-Threonine Kinases
  • RNA
  • Testis
  • Tissue Distribution

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