Program Reach and Implementation Feasibility of a Physical Activity School Health Program: A Qualitative Study of Teachers’ Perception

Julie Dalgaard Guldager*, Anja Leppin, Jesper von Seelen, Pernille Tanggaard Andersen

*Corresponding author for this work

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Abstract

Background: The reasons for the mixed evidence of the effectiveness of school-based physical activity programs can be many, including implementation challenges. Studying program implementation can potentially contribute to enhancing effectiveness, the design of future interventions, improved implementation, and the interpretation of outcomes.
Methods: For this process evaluation, individual interviews were conducted with 16 teachers who had implemented the program “Active All Year Round” in a fifth-grade school class (students aged 9–11 y) in 2017. Through systematic text condensation feasibility and barriers of program implementation, perceived program reach and the programs’ influence on social cohesion were identified and discussed.
Results: Teachers described the program as very feasible to implement and identified very few implementation barriers, the most prominent being time constrains. Perceived program reach was very high, and teachers reported that those students who are less confident when it comes to physical activity did not have differential participation than those feeling more confident about
physical activity. Finally, the program was perceived to positively affect social cohesion in class.
Conclusions: Active All Year Round is a standardized, flexible, and easily implemented program in Danish schools. Future studies are needed to study
implementation from a student’s perspective and/or students’ role in and experiences with competition-based health programs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16
JournalJournal of Physical Activity and Health
Volume16
Issue number10
Pages (from-to)843-850
ISSN1543-3080
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019

Keywords

  • Adolescent
  • Exercise
  • Health promotion
  • Intervention study
  • Public health
  • Youth

Cite this

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title = "Program Reach and Implementation Feasibility of a Physical Activity School Health Program: A Qualitative Study of Teachers’ Perception",
abstract = "Background: The reasons for the mixed evidence of the effectiveness of school-based physical activity programs can be many, including implementation challenges. Studying program implementation can potentially contribute to enhancing effectiveness, the design of future interventions, improved implementation, and the interpretation of outcomes. Methods: For this process evaluation, individual interviews were conducted with 16 teachers who had implemented the program “Active All Year Round” in a fifth-grade school class (students aged 9–11 y) in 2017. Through systematic text condensation feasibility and barriers of program implementation, perceived program reach and the programs’ influence on social cohesion were identified and discussed.Results: Teachers described the program as very feasible to implement and identified very few implementation barriers, the most prominent being time constrains. Perceived program reach was very high, and teachers reported that those students who are less confident when it comes to physical activity did not have differential participation than those feeling more confident aboutphysical activity. Finally, the program was perceived to positively affect social cohesion in class. Conclusions: Active All Year Round is a standardized, flexible, and easily implemented program in Danish schools. Future studies are needed to studyimplementation from a student’s perspective and/or students’ role in and experiences with competition-based health programs.",
keywords = "Adolescent, Exercise, Health promotion, Intervention study, Public health, Youth",
author = "{Dalgaard Guldager}, Julie and Anja Leppin and {von Seelen}, Jesper and Andersen, {Pernille Tanggaard}",
year = "2019",
doi = "10.1123/jpah.2018-0583",
language = "English",
volume = "16",
pages = "843--850",
journal = "Journal of Physical Activity & Health",
issn = "1543-3080",
publisher = "Human Kinetics, Inc.",
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T1 - Program Reach and Implementation Feasibility of a Physical Activity School Health Program: A Qualitative Study of Teachers’ Perception

AU - Dalgaard Guldager, Julie

AU - Leppin, Anja

AU - von Seelen, Jesper

AU - Andersen, Pernille Tanggaard

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - Background: The reasons for the mixed evidence of the effectiveness of school-based physical activity programs can be many, including implementation challenges. Studying program implementation can potentially contribute to enhancing effectiveness, the design of future interventions, improved implementation, and the interpretation of outcomes. Methods: For this process evaluation, individual interviews were conducted with 16 teachers who had implemented the program “Active All Year Round” in a fifth-grade school class (students aged 9–11 y) in 2017. Through systematic text condensation feasibility and barriers of program implementation, perceived program reach and the programs’ influence on social cohesion were identified and discussed.Results: Teachers described the program as very feasible to implement and identified very few implementation barriers, the most prominent being time constrains. Perceived program reach was very high, and teachers reported that those students who are less confident when it comes to physical activity did not have differential participation than those feeling more confident aboutphysical activity. Finally, the program was perceived to positively affect social cohesion in class. Conclusions: Active All Year Round is a standardized, flexible, and easily implemented program in Danish schools. Future studies are needed to studyimplementation from a student’s perspective and/or students’ role in and experiences with competition-based health programs.

AB - Background: The reasons for the mixed evidence of the effectiveness of school-based physical activity programs can be many, including implementation challenges. Studying program implementation can potentially contribute to enhancing effectiveness, the design of future interventions, improved implementation, and the interpretation of outcomes. Methods: For this process evaluation, individual interviews were conducted with 16 teachers who had implemented the program “Active All Year Round” in a fifth-grade school class (students aged 9–11 y) in 2017. Through systematic text condensation feasibility and barriers of program implementation, perceived program reach and the programs’ influence on social cohesion were identified and discussed.Results: Teachers described the program as very feasible to implement and identified very few implementation barriers, the most prominent being time constrains. Perceived program reach was very high, and teachers reported that those students who are less confident when it comes to physical activity did not have differential participation than those feeling more confident aboutphysical activity. Finally, the program was perceived to positively affect social cohesion in class. Conclusions: Active All Year Round is a standardized, flexible, and easily implemented program in Danish schools. Future studies are needed to studyimplementation from a student’s perspective and/or students’ role in and experiences with competition-based health programs.

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KW - Exercise

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