Prognostic importance of circulating epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer treated with chemotherapy and bevacizumab

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Abstract

High tumor expression of epidermal growth factor-like domain 7 (EGFL7) has been associated with a poor prognosis in colorectal cancer. The aim of the current study was to investigate the possible prognostic impact of circulating EGFL7 (cir-EGFL7), combined with single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) analyses, in patients with metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) treated with first line chemotherapy and bevacizumab. A total of 88 patients were included. Serum was collected prior to treatment initiation, at first evaluation after 3 weeks, and at progression. Cir-EGFL7 was analysed by the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) technique. The SNPs were analysed by real-time qPCR based on DNA from whole blood. Endpoints were response rate (RR), progression free survival (PFS), and overall survival (OS). Cir-EGFL7 decreases after administration of chemotherapy plus bevacizumab. Baseline levels of cir-EGFL7 were significantly related to PFS and OS, p = 0.0431 and p = 0.0017, respectively, with increasing cir-EGFL7 levels associated with a worse prognosis. Circulating EGFL7 was not associated with RR. The SNP analyses revealed a significant relationship between rs1051851 and OS, p = 0.030. This study demonstrates that cir-EGFL7 changes during treatment with chemotherapy plus bevacizumab and that baseline levels and genetic variations may influence the overall prognosis of patients with mCRC. The findings call for further validation.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2388
JournalScientific Reports
Volume7
Issue number1
Number of pages10
ISSN2045-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 24. May 2017

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Keywords

  • Journal Article

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