Three distinctive start-up strategies of biogas reactors fed with source-sorted organic fraction of municipal solid waste were investigated to reveal the most reliable procedure for rapid process stabilization. Moreover, the experimental results were compared with mathematical modeling outputs. The initial inoculations to start-up the reactors were 10, 50 and 100% of the final working volume. While a constant feeding rate of 7.8 gVS/d was considered for the control reactor, the organic loading rate for fed-batch reactors with 10 and 50% inoculation was progressively increased during a period of 60 and 13 days, respectively. The results clearly demonstrated that an exponentially feeding strategy, considering 50% inoculation relative to final volume, can significantly decrease the alternatively prolonged period to reach steady conditions, as observed by high biogas and methane production rates. The combination of both experimental and modelling/simulation succeeded in optimizing the start-up process for anaerobic digestion of biopulp under mesophilic conditions.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
We acknowledge financial support from MUDP project ‘‘VARGA - VAnd Ressource Genvindings Anlægget’’. We also thank Gemidan Ecogi A/S for biopulp providing and Hector Garcia for the technical assistance.
© 2017 Elsevier Ltd
- Anaerobic digestion
- Mathematical modeling
- Source-sorted organic household waste
- Start-up period