Price elasticity of demand for cigarettes among youths in high-income countries: a systematic review

Simone Gad Kjeld*, Maja Bæksgaard Jørgensen, Maria Aundal, Lotus Sofie Bast

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Aims: Smoking in youth remains a major public health issue. As increasing tobacco prices is considered one of the most effective prevention strategies, examining youth’s responsiveness to price changes on cigarettes will provide crucial knowledge. This study aims systematically to review research examining the price elasticity of demand for cigarettes among youths (<30 years of age) in high-income countries. Methods: Searches were conducted in three databases (Web of Science, Pubmed and Scopus). Inclusion criteria were publications within the past 10 years (2011–2021) written in English and with a population of youths below 30 years of age, concerning price elasticity of demand for cigarettes and from high-income countries. Searches were screened by two independent reviewers and the quality of studies was assessed using a quality assessment tool. Results: Four outcomes related to price elasticity of demand for cigarettes were examined in six studies included in this review; that is, cigarette initiation, consumption, prevalence and cessation. Overall, findings indicate that increasing tobacco prices affect youth tobacco use. The effect was associated with gender and age; young women were more price sensitive concerning smoking initiation, whereas young men were more price sensitive concerning cigarette prevalence and consumption. Moreover, younger age was associated with higher price elasticity. Conclusions: Estimates for price elasticity varied across the included studies. This may be caused by differences in data sources, collection methods used and country of origin. Most included studies were of older date. Therefore, to make reliable predictions of the expected effects of increased tobacco prices, further examinations of up-to-date and locally embedded measures are required.

Original languageEnglish
JournalScandinavian Journal of Public Health
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)35-43
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2023


  • Systematic review
  • cigarettes
  • high-income countries
  • price elasticity of demand
  • smoking
  • tobacco
  • youth
  • Humans
  • Income
  • Commerce
  • Male
  • Smoking/epidemiology
  • Developed Countries
  • Tobacco Products
  • Taxes
  • Adolescent
  • Female
  • Tobacco Smoking


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