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Abstract

Introduction: Suicidal behavior is a relatively rare occurrence among patients with multiple sclerosis (MS). Nonetheless, it is important to identify and be aware of the constituting risk factors to prevent suicidal behavior among vulnerable patients.

Areas covered: This scoped review will shortly outline well-known biological and psychosocial risk factors for suicidal behavior among MS patients and suggest preventive initiatives. The preventive strategies should include a close monitoring of MS pharmacotherapy to prevent progression, and awareness and early identification of psychosocial risk factors across a variety of heathcare and social instances the patient may encounter during their life with the disease. The staff in these instances should be educated in detecting the MS patients at increased risk and refer them to relevant healthcare instances, including the general practitioner, neurologists, psychiatrist, etc. In addition, referral to social instances to support educational, vocational, and home environment to the state of the disease is of utmost importance.

Expert commentary: Enhancing quality of life for as long as possible by these means may be held to reduce the risk for psychosocial problems and hence suicidal behavior.
Original languageEnglish
JournalExpert Review of Neurotherapeutics
Volume18
Issue number12
Pages (from-to)945-952
ISSN1473-7175
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2. Dec 2018

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Keywords

  • Multiple sclerosis
  • prevention
  • risk factors
  • suicidal behavior
  • suicide
  • suicide attempts

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