Prevalence and clinical features of heart failure in Greenland

Hjalte Erichsen Larsen*, Uka Wilhjelm Geisler, Finn Gustafsson, Marit Eika Jørgensen, Michael Lynge Pedersen

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Heart Failure (HF) constitutes a significant burden for healthcare around the world. In Greenland, risk factors like smoking, diabetes, and obesity are prevalent. Yet, the prevalence of HF remains unexplored. This register-based cross-sectional study uses data from the national medical record in Greenland to estimate the age- and gender-specific prevalence of HF and to describe the characteristics of patients with HF in Greenland. A total of 507 patients (26% women) with a mean age of 65 years were included based on a diagnosis of HF. The overall prevalence was 1.1% and higher among men compared to women (1.6% vs. 0.6%, p < 0.05). The highest prevalence was among men above 84 years (11.1%). More than half (53%) had a body mass index above 30 kg/m2 and 43% were current daily smokers. The proportion diagnosed with ischaemic heart disease (IHD) was 33%. The overall prevalence of HF in Greenland is consistent with that in other high-income countries, yet high among men in some age groups, compared to Danish men. Almost half the patients were obese and/or smokers. A low prevalence of IHD was observed indicating that other factors may play a role in developing HF among Greenlanders.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2178068
JournalInternational Journal of Circumpolar Health
Volume82
Issue number1
Number of pages9
ISSN1239-9736
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20. Feb 2023

Keywords

  • Arctic
  • epidemiology
  • Greenland
  • Heart failure
  • prevalence

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