Prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis after transabdominal chorionic villus sampling in the first trimester

A J Therkelsen, P K Jensen, Jens Michael Hertz, S Smidt-Jensen, N Hahnemann

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

First trimester prenatal cytogenetic diagnosis was attempted in 350 pregnancies after transabdominal chorionic villus sampling. The cytogenetic investigation was performed using both a short-term method (24 h incubation) and cell culture. Adequate samples were obtained in 99.1 per cent and in all these cases the fetal karyotype was established. A chromosome abnormality was found in 2.0 per cent of cases. A discrepancy between the karyotype obtained after 24 h incubation and the karyotype in cell culture was observed in 2.3 per cent. Maternal cell contamination in the cultures was confirmed in 13 of 181 cases where the 24 h incubation revealed a male karyotype. Studies of culture morphology showed that colonies of convoluted cells may serve as a marker for contamination with maternal cells in culture. For the present, we recommend using a short-term method as well as cell culture for cytogenetic investigation until the problems with karyotype discrepancy and maternal cell contamination have been further clarified.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPrenatal Diagnosis
Volume8
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)19-31
Number of pages13
ISSN0197-3851
Publication statusPublished - 1988

Keywords

  • Biopsy, Needle
  • Cells, Cultured
  • Chorionic Villi
  • Chromosome Aberrations
  • Chromosome Disorders
  • Female
  • Fetal Diseases
  • Humans
  • Karyotyping
  • Pregnancy
  • Pregnancy Outcome
  • Pregnancy Trimester, First
  • Prenatal Diagnosis

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