## Abstract

An instance I of the Stable Matching Problem (SMP) is given by a bipartite graph with a preference list of neighbors for every vertex. A swap in I is the exchange of two consecutive vertices in a preference list. A swap can be viewed as a smallest perturbation of I. Boehmer et al. (2021) designed a polynomial-time algorithm for finding the minimum number of swaps required to turn a given maximal matching into a stable matching. We generalize this result to the many-to-many version of SMP. We do so first by introducing a new representation of SMP as an extended bipartite graph and subsequently by reducing the problem to submodular minimization. It is a natural problem to establish the computational complexity of deciding whether at most k swaps are enough to turn I into an instance where one of the maximum matchings is stable. Using a hardness result of Gupta et al. (2020), we prove that this problem is NP-hard and, moreover, this problem parameterised by k is W[1]-hard. We also obtain a lower bound on the running time for solving the problem using the Exponential Time Hypothesis.

Original language | English |
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Journal | Theoretical Computer Science |

Volume | 940 |

Pages (from-to) | 222-230 |

ISSN | 0304-3975 |

DOIs | |

Publication status | Published - 9. Jan 2023 |

## Keywords

- Parameterized complexity
- Stable matching
- Submodular minimization
- Swaps