Before every election campaign, the French Conseil supérieur de l’audiovisuel (CSA) publishes detailed rules on how much news coverage candidates are allowed to have vis-à-vis one another in the electronic media to ensure what it calls pluralisme politique (e.g., CSA 2011). Also outside election times, the CSA continuously monitors news coverage by electronic media and can sanction broadcasters for not complying with regulations. While, of the modern democracies, France may have the strictest regulations on news media content, other Western democracies also have authorities that monitor and control news coverage (mainly public broadcasters) or have informal rules that determine news coverage of politics (Hopmann, Van Aelst, and Legnante 2012; Kaid and Strömbäck 2008).
|Title of host publication||Comparing Political Journalism|
|Editors||Claes de Vreese, Frank Esser, David Nicolas Hopmann|
|Publication status||Published - 2017|