Plasmon-Organic Fiber Interactions in Diamond-Like Carbon Coated Nanostructured Gold Films

Pawel Piotr Cielecki, Elżbieta Karolina Sobolewska, Oksana Kostiučenko, Till Leißner, Thomas Tamulevicius, Sigitas Tamulevicius, Horst-Günter Rubahn, Jost Adam, Jacek Fiutowski

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Gold is the most commonly used plasmonic material, however soft and prone to mechanical deformations. It has been shown that the durability of gold plasmonic substrates can be improved by applying a protective diamond-like carbon (DLC) coating. In this work, we investigate the influence of such protective layers on plasmonic interactions in organic–plasmonic hybrid systems. We consider systems, consisting of 1-Cyano-quaterphenylene nanofibers on top of gold nano-square plasmonic arrays, coated with protective layers of varying thickness. We numerically investigate the spectral position of surface plasmon polariton resonances and electric field intensity, as a function of protective layer thickness, using the finite-difference time-domain method. To confirm the numerically indicated field enhancement preservation on top of protective layers, we experimentally map the second harmonic response of organic nanofibers. Subsequently, we characterize the plasmonic coupling between organic nanofibers and underlying substrates, considered as one of the main loss channels for photoluminescence from nanofibers, by time-resolved photoluminescence spectroscopy. Our findings reveal that, for the investigated system, plasmonic interactions are preserved for DLC coatings up to 55 nm. This is relevant for the fabrication of new passive and active plasmonic components with increased durability and hence prolonged lifetime.
Original languageEnglish
JournalOptics Communications
Volume402
Pages (from-to)635-640
ISSN0030-4018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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