Plasma cytokines eotaxin, MIP-1α, MCP-4, and vascular endothelial growth factor in acute lower respiratory tract infection

Mette Marie Relster, Anette Holm, Court Pedersen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Major overlaps of clinical characteristics and the limitations of conventional diagnostic tests render the initial diagnosis and clinical management of pulmonary disorders difficult. In this pilot study, we analyzed the predictive value of eotaxin, macrophage inflammatory protein 1 alpha (MIP-1α), monocyte chemoattractant protein 4 (MCP-4), and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) in 40 patients hospitalized with acute lower respiratory tract infections (LRTI). The cytokines contribute to the pathogenesis of several inflammatory respiratory diseases, indicating a potential as markers for LRTI. Patients were stratified according to etiology and severity of LRTI, based on baseline C-reactive protein and CURB-65 scores. Using a multiplex immunoassay of plasma, levels of eotaxin and MCP-4 were shown to increase from baseline until day 6 after admission to hospital. The four cytokines were unable to predict the etiology and severity. Eotaxin and MCP-4 were significantly lower in patients with C-reactive protein ≥100, and MIP-1α was significantly higher in the patients with CURB-65 > 3, but the predictive power was low. In conclusion, further evaluation, including more patients, is required to assess the full potential of eotaxin, MCP-4, MIP-1α, and VEGF as biomarkers for LRTI because of their low predictive power and a high interindividual variation of cytokine levels.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesAPMIS Supplementum
Volume125
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)148–156
ISSN0903-465X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2017

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