Plan quality for high-risk prostate cancer treated with high field magnetic resonance imaging guided radiotherapy

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Background and purpose: Daily radiotherapy plan adaptation facilitated by a high field magnetic resonance linac (MRL) may potentially reduce the treated volume due to a reduction of the setup uncertainty. However, the technology also imposes limitations to the treatment technique compared to a standard linac. This study investigated the clinical quality of MRL treatment plans against current standard plans using identical planning target volume margins for high-risk prostate cancer patients. Materials and methods: Twenty consecutive patients planned with our current clinical standard TPS and treated with single arc VMAT on standard linacs with 78 Gy in the prostate and 56 Gy for pelvic lymph nodes over 39 fractions were included. In addition, IMRT treatment plans for delivery by a 1.5 T MRL, using standard margins and dose objectives, were made in a dedicated TPS. Mean population dose volume histograms (DVH) and dose metrics were analyzed and clinical plan quality was evaluated by an oncologist. Results: All MRL plans were considered clinically acceptable, and DVH analysis showed an overall high similarity to dose distributions of the clinically delivered plans. Mean target coverage was similar (78.0 Gy vs 77.8 Gy). Small but statistically significant differences were seen in doses to organs at risk; on average MRL plans reduced dose to the bladder (46.2 vs 48.3 Gy) compared to standard plans, while dose was higher to the bowel (29.2 vs 26.6 Gy) and penile bulb (16.5 vs 10.8 Gy). Conclusion: MRL treatment plans were clinically acceptable and similar in quality to the current standard.

Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysics and Imaging in Radiation Oncology
Pages (from-to)1-8
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2018

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