Pitch accents as multiparametric configurations of prosodic features – evidence from pitch-accent specific micro-rhythms in German

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Abstract

Pitch accents are typically described in terms of the alignment and shape of their F0 peaks. However, some studies suggest that pitch-accent peaks also create systematic duration and intensity changes in the triplet of pre-accented, accented, and post-accented syllable. The present study examines this phenomenon in detail for three rising-falling German pitch accents: the early, medial, and late peak. A production experiment with 4 speakers finds clear acoustic evidence for these systematic duration and intensity changes. In addition, these changes also manifest themselves in a parallel dataset of syllable-synchronous finger tapping. In combination, the changes of two prominence-relevant acoustic parameters, i.e. syllable duration and intensity, and the reflection of these changes in a rhythmical finger-tapping task suggest that nuclear pitch-accent categories in German are not purely intonational phenomena but multiparametric prosodic configurations (i.e. “prosodic constructions”) that include, besides their F0-peak characteristics, a pitch accent-specific micro-rhythm in the triplet of pre-accented, accented, and post accent syllable. The implications of this conclusion for intonational modeling are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationA Sound Approach to Language Matters : In Honor of Ocke-Schwen Bohn
Number of pages351
Place of PublicationAarhus University
Publication date16. May 2019
Pages321
Chapter14
ISBN (Electronic)978-87-7507-440-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 16. May 2019

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acoustics
modeling
experiment
alignment
parameter

Keywords

  • rhythm
  • pitch accent
  • German
  • finger tapping
  • phonetics
  • prosody
  • f0
  • intensity
  • duration
  • prosodic construction

Cite this

Niebuhr, Oliver. / Pitch accents as multiparametric configurations of prosodic features – evidence from pitch-accent specific micro-rhythms in German. A Sound Approach to Language Matters: In Honor of Ocke-Schwen Bohn. Aarhus University, 2019. pp. 321
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abstract = "Pitch accents are typically described in terms of the alignment and shape of their F0 peaks. However, some studies suggest that pitch-accent peaks also create systematic duration and intensity changes in the triplet of pre-accented, accented, and post-accented syllable. The present study examines this phenomenon in detail for three rising-falling German pitch accents: the early, medial, and late peak. A production experiment with 4 speakers finds clear acoustic evidence for these systematic duration and intensity changes. In addition, these changes also manifest themselves in a parallel dataset of syllable-synchronous finger tapping. In combination, the changes of two prominence-relevant acoustic parameters, i.e. syllable duration and intensity, and the reflection of these changes in a rhythmical finger-tapping task suggest that nuclear pitch-accent categories in German are not purely intonational phenomena but multiparametric prosodic configurations (i.e. “prosodic constructions”) that include, besides their F0-peak characteristics, a pitch accent-specific micro-rhythm in the triplet of pre-accented, accented, and post accent syllable. The implications of this conclusion for intonational modeling are discussed.",
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Pitch accents as multiparametric configurations of prosodic features – evidence from pitch-accent specific micro-rhythms in German. / Niebuhr, Oliver.

A Sound Approach to Language Matters: In Honor of Ocke-Schwen Bohn. Aarhus University, 2019. p. 321.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingBook chapterResearchpeer-review

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