Physiological regulation of epithelial sodium channel by proteolysis

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Activation of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) by proteolysis appears to be relevant for day-to-day physiological regulation of channel activity in kidney and other epithelial tissues. Pathophysiogical, proteolytic activation of ENaC in kidney has been demonstrated in proteinuric disease. RECENT FINDINGS: A variation in sodium and potassium intake or plasma aldosterone changes the number of cleaved α and γ-ENaC subunits and is associated with changes in ENaC currents. The protease furin mediates intracellular cleavage, whereas the channel-activating protease prostasin (CAP-1), which is glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored to the apical cell surface, mediates important extracellular cleavage. Soluble protease activity is very low in urine under physiological conditions but rises in proteinuria. In nephrotic syndrome, the dominant soluble protease activity is plasmin, which is formed from filtered plasminogen via urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Plasmin activates ENaC directly at high concentrations and through prostasin at lower concentrations. SUMMARY: The discovery of serine protease-mediated activation of renal ENaC in physiological and pathophysiological conditions opens the way for new understanding of the pathogenesis of proteinuric sodium retention, which may involve plasmin and present several potential new drug targets.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCurrent Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension
Volume20
Issue number5
Number of pages529
ISSN1062-4821
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2011

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Proteolysis
Fibrinolysin
Peptide Hydrolases
Kidney
Furin
Urokinase-Type Plasminogen Activator
Nephrotic Syndrome
Aldosterone
Potassium
Epithelium
Urine
Pharmaceutical Preparations
prostasin

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title = "Physiological regulation of epithelial sodium channel by proteolysis",
abstract = "PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Activation of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) by proteolysis appears to be relevant for day-to-day physiological regulation of channel activity in kidney and other epithelial tissues. Pathophysiogical, proteolytic activation of ENaC in kidney has been demonstrated in proteinuric disease. RECENT FINDINGS: A variation in sodium and potassium intake or plasma aldosterone changes the number of cleaved α and γ-ENaC subunits and is associated with changes in ENaC currents. The protease furin mediates intracellular cleavage, whereas the channel-activating protease prostasin (CAP-1), which is glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored to the apical cell surface, mediates important extracellular cleavage. Soluble protease activity is very low in urine under physiological conditions but rises in proteinuria. In nephrotic syndrome, the dominant soluble protease activity is plasmin, which is formed from filtered plasminogen via urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Plasmin activates ENaC directly at high concentrations and through prostasin at lower concentrations. SUMMARY: The discovery of serine protease-mediated activation of renal ENaC in physiological and pathophysiological conditions opens the way for new understanding of the pathogenesis of proteinuric sodium retention, which may involve plasmin and present several potential new drug targets.",
author = "Per Svenningsen and Friis, {Ulla G} and Claus Bistrup and Buhl, {Kristian B} and Jensen, {Boye L} and Ole Sk{\o}tt",
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Physiological regulation of epithelial sodium channel by proteolysis. / Svenningsen, Per; Friis, Ulla G; Bistrup, Claus; Buhl, Kristian B; Jensen, Boye L; Skøtt, Ole.

In: Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension, Vol. 20, No. 5, 2011.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Physiological regulation of epithelial sodium channel by proteolysis

AU - Svenningsen, Per

AU - Friis, Ulla G

AU - Bistrup, Claus

AU - Buhl, Kristian B

AU - Jensen, Boye L

AU - Skøtt, Ole

N1 - E-pub

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Activation of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) by proteolysis appears to be relevant for day-to-day physiological regulation of channel activity in kidney and other epithelial tissues. Pathophysiogical, proteolytic activation of ENaC in kidney has been demonstrated in proteinuric disease. RECENT FINDINGS: A variation in sodium and potassium intake or plasma aldosterone changes the number of cleaved α and γ-ENaC subunits and is associated with changes in ENaC currents. The protease furin mediates intracellular cleavage, whereas the channel-activating protease prostasin (CAP-1), which is glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored to the apical cell surface, mediates important extracellular cleavage. Soluble protease activity is very low in urine under physiological conditions but rises in proteinuria. In nephrotic syndrome, the dominant soluble protease activity is plasmin, which is formed from filtered plasminogen via urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Plasmin activates ENaC directly at high concentrations and through prostasin at lower concentrations. SUMMARY: The discovery of serine protease-mediated activation of renal ENaC in physiological and pathophysiological conditions opens the way for new understanding of the pathogenesis of proteinuric sodium retention, which may involve plasmin and present several potential new drug targets.

AB - PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Activation of epithelial sodium channel (ENaC) by proteolysis appears to be relevant for day-to-day physiological regulation of channel activity in kidney and other epithelial tissues. Pathophysiogical, proteolytic activation of ENaC in kidney has been demonstrated in proteinuric disease. RECENT FINDINGS: A variation in sodium and potassium intake or plasma aldosterone changes the number of cleaved α and γ-ENaC subunits and is associated with changes in ENaC currents. The protease furin mediates intracellular cleavage, whereas the channel-activating protease prostasin (CAP-1), which is glycophosphatidylinositol-anchored to the apical cell surface, mediates important extracellular cleavage. Soluble protease activity is very low in urine under physiological conditions but rises in proteinuria. In nephrotic syndrome, the dominant soluble protease activity is plasmin, which is formed from filtered plasminogen via urokinase-type plasminogen activator. Plasmin activates ENaC directly at high concentrations and through prostasin at lower concentrations. SUMMARY: The discovery of serine protease-mediated activation of renal ENaC in physiological and pathophysiological conditions opens the way for new understanding of the pathogenesis of proteinuric sodium retention, which may involve plasmin and present several potential new drug targets.

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JF - Current Opinion in Nephrology & Hypertension

SN - 1062-4821

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