Physical exercise at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among healthcare workers: cluster randomized controlled trial

Markus D Jakobsen, Emil Sundstrup, Mikkel Brandt, Kenneth Jay Andersen, Per Aagaard, Lars L Andersen

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Imbalance between individual resources and work demands can lead to musculoskeletal disorders and reduced work ability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace- versus home-based physical exercise on work ability among healthcare workers.

METHODS: Two hundred female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1, work ability index [WAI]: 43.1) from 18 departments at three Danish hospitals participated (Copenhagen, Denmark, Aug 2013-Jan 2014). Participants were randomly allocated at the cluster level to 10 weeks of: 1) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed during working hours for 5x10 min per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise, or 2) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed during leisure time for 5x10 min per week. Both groups received ergonomic counseling on patient handling and use of lifting aides. The main outcome measure was the change from baseline to 10-week follow-up in WAI.

RESULTS: Significant group by time interaction was observed for WAI (p < 0.05). WAI at follow-up was 1.1 (0.3 to 1.8) higher in WORK compared with HOME corresponding to a small effect size (Cohens'd = 0.24). Within-group changes indicated that between-group differences were mainly caused by a reduction in WAI in HOME. Of the seven items of WAI, item 2 (work ability in relation to the demands of the job) and item 5 (sickness absence during the past year) were improved in WORK compared with HOME (P < 0.05).

CONCLUSIONS: Performing physical exercise together with colleagues at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among female healthcare workers.

TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01921764 . Registered 10 August 2013.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1174
JournalB M C Public Health
Volume15
Number of pages9
ISSN1471-2458
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015

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Workplace
Randomized Controlled Trials
Exercise
Delivery of Health Care
Moving and Lifting Patients
Human Engineering
Leisure Activities
Denmark
Counseling
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)

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Jakobsen, Markus D ; Sundstrup, Emil ; Brandt, Mikkel ; Andersen, Kenneth Jay ; Aagaard, Per ; Andersen, Lars L. / Physical exercise at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among healthcare workers : cluster randomized controlled trial. In: B M C Public Health. 2015 ; Vol. 15.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Imbalance between individual resources and work demands can lead to musculoskeletal disorders and reduced work ability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace- versus home-based physical exercise on work ability among healthcare workers.METHODS: Two hundred female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1, work ability index [WAI]: 43.1) from 18 departments at three Danish hospitals participated (Copenhagen, Denmark, Aug 2013-Jan 2014). Participants were randomly allocated at the cluster level to 10 weeks of: 1) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed during working hours for 5x10 min per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise, or 2) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed during leisure time for 5x10 min per week. Both groups received ergonomic counseling on patient handling and use of lifting aides. The main outcome measure was the change from baseline to 10-week follow-up in WAI.RESULTS: Significant group by time interaction was observed for WAI (p < 0.05). WAI at follow-up was 1.1 (0.3 to 1.8) higher in WORK compared with HOME corresponding to a small effect size (Cohens'd = 0.24). Within-group changes indicated that between-group differences were mainly caused by a reduction in WAI in HOME. Of the seven items of WAI, item 2 (work ability in relation to the demands of the job) and item 5 (sickness absence during the past year) were improved in WORK compared with HOME (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Performing physical exercise together with colleagues at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among female healthcare workers.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01921764 . Registered 10 August 2013.",
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Physical exercise at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among healthcare workers : cluster randomized controlled trial. / Jakobsen, Markus D; Sundstrup, Emil; Brandt, Mikkel; Andersen, Kenneth Jay; Aagaard, Per; Andersen, Lars L.

In: B M C Public Health, Vol. 15, 1174, 2015.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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T1 - Physical exercise at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among healthcare workers

T2 - cluster randomized controlled trial

AU - Jakobsen, Markus D

AU - Sundstrup, Emil

AU - Brandt, Mikkel

AU - Andersen, Kenneth Jay

AU - Aagaard, Per

AU - Andersen, Lars L

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - BACKGROUND: Imbalance between individual resources and work demands can lead to musculoskeletal disorders and reduced work ability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace- versus home-based physical exercise on work ability among healthcare workers.METHODS: Two hundred female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1, work ability index [WAI]: 43.1) from 18 departments at three Danish hospitals participated (Copenhagen, Denmark, Aug 2013-Jan 2014). Participants were randomly allocated at the cluster level to 10 weeks of: 1) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed during working hours for 5x10 min per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise, or 2) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed during leisure time for 5x10 min per week. Both groups received ergonomic counseling on patient handling and use of lifting aides. The main outcome measure was the change from baseline to 10-week follow-up in WAI.RESULTS: Significant group by time interaction was observed for WAI (p < 0.05). WAI at follow-up was 1.1 (0.3 to 1.8) higher in WORK compared with HOME corresponding to a small effect size (Cohens'd = 0.24). Within-group changes indicated that between-group differences were mainly caused by a reduction in WAI in HOME. Of the seven items of WAI, item 2 (work ability in relation to the demands of the job) and item 5 (sickness absence during the past year) were improved in WORK compared with HOME (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Performing physical exercise together with colleagues at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among female healthcare workers.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01921764 . Registered 10 August 2013.

AB - BACKGROUND: Imbalance between individual resources and work demands can lead to musculoskeletal disorders and reduced work ability. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of workplace- versus home-based physical exercise on work ability among healthcare workers.METHODS: Two hundred female healthcare workers (Age: 42.0, BMI: 24.1, work ability index [WAI]: 43.1) from 18 departments at three Danish hospitals participated (Copenhagen, Denmark, Aug 2013-Jan 2014). Participants were randomly allocated at the cluster level to 10 weeks of: 1) workplace physical exercise (WORK) performed during working hours for 5x10 min per week and up to 5 group-based coaching sessions on motivation for regular physical exercise, or 2) home-based physical exercise (HOME) performed during leisure time for 5x10 min per week. Both groups received ergonomic counseling on patient handling and use of lifting aides. The main outcome measure was the change from baseline to 10-week follow-up in WAI.RESULTS: Significant group by time interaction was observed for WAI (p < 0.05). WAI at follow-up was 1.1 (0.3 to 1.8) higher in WORK compared with HOME corresponding to a small effect size (Cohens'd = 0.24). Within-group changes indicated that between-group differences were mainly caused by a reduction in WAI in HOME. Of the seven items of WAI, item 2 (work ability in relation to the demands of the job) and item 5 (sickness absence during the past year) were improved in WORK compared with HOME (P < 0.05).CONCLUSIONS: Performing physical exercise together with colleagues at the workplace prevents deterioration of work ability among female healthcare workers.TRIAL REGISTRATION NUMBER: ClinicalTrials.gov NCT01921764 . Registered 10 August 2013.

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DO - 10.1186/s12889-015-2448-0

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26607232

VL - 15

JO - B M C Public Health

JF - B M C Public Health

SN - 1471-2458

M1 - 1174

ER -