PET imaging with the non-pure positron emitters: 55Co, 86Y and 124I

Poul-Erik Braad, S B Hansen, H Thisgaard, P F Høilund-Carlsen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


PET/CT with non-pure positron emitters is a highly valuable tool in immuno-PET and for pretherapeutic dosimetry. However, imaging is complicated by prompt gamma coincidences (PGCs) that add an undesired background activity to the images. Time-of-flight (TOF) reconstruction improves lesion detectability in 18F-PET and can potentially also improve the signal-to-noise ratio in images acquired with non-pure positron emitters. Using the GE Discovery 690 PET/CT system, we evaluated the image quality with 55Co, 86Y and 124I, and the effect of PGC-correction and TOF-reconstruction on image quality and quantitation in a series of phantom studies. PET image quality and quantitation for all isotopes were significantly affected by PGCs. The effect was most severe with 86Y, and less, but comparable, with 55Co and 124I. PGC-correction improved the image quality and the quantitation accuracy dramatically for all isotopes, especially when the activity was limited to a few hot lesions in a warm background. In imaging situations, where high levels of activity were present in the background, activity concentrations were overestimated. TOF-reconstruction improved image quality in isolated lesions but worsened the accuracy of quantitation and uniformity in homogeneous activity distributions. Better modelling of PGCs in the scatter correction can potentially improve the situation.
Original languageEnglish
JournalPhysics in Medicine and Biology
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)3479-3497
Publication statusPublished - 9. Apr 2015


  • 124I
  • 55Co
  • 86Y
  • PET
  • prompt gamma coincidence correction
  • scatter correction
  • time-of-flight


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