Preliminary evidence suggests that poor patient-reported quality of life (QoL) predicts mortality on the short term in patients with an implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD). It is unclear if this association persists on the long term. We evaluated whether patient-reported QoL at the time of implantation predicts mortality and ventricular tachyarrhythmias (VTa's) during 7 years' follow-up in patients with an ICD. A consecutive cohort of patients (80% men; mean [SD] age = 58 ) implanted with an ICD completed the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36). The 8 SF-36 subscales and the 2 component summary scores were used as predictors of VTa's and mortality at 7 years' follow-up. At 7 years' follow-up, 34% (132/392) of patients had died. Baseline physical functioning (hazard ratio [HR]: 1.59; 95% confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 2.29), role physical functioning (HR: 1.59; 95% CI: 1.09 to 2.31), vitality (HR: 1.53; 95% CI: 1.05 to 2.22), and general health (HR: 1.57; 95% CI: 1.09 to 2.27) were associated with 7-year mortality in adjusted analyses. There was a trend for low mental health being associated with an increased risk of mortality (HR: 1.38; 95% CI: 0.98 to 1.96). The other SF-36 dimensions were not significantly associated with mortality. Only baseline social functioning was associated with risk of VTa's during follow-up. In conclusion, patients with lower levels of physical functioning, role physical functioning, vitality, or general health had a greater risk of mortality, whereas only poor social functioning was associated with VTa's during 7 years' follow-up. Patient-reported QoL at the time of implant could be used to identify patients at risk for long-term mortality.