Passport to Parenthood: Reproductive Pathways In and Out of Denmark

Stine Willum Adrian, Charlotte Kroløkke

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Denmark has become a destination for single women, lesbians, and heterosexual couples wanting donated sperm. At the moment, women from Sweden, Norway, Germany, Italy, and the UK travel to Denmark. Simultaneously, waiting lists for donated eggs and age restrictions are prime motivations for infertile Danish women and heterosexual couples to leave Denmark and travel to Spain, the Czech Republic, the Ukraine, and Greece for egg donation. Informed by Donna Haraway’s notion of “the apparatus of bodily production”, Marcia Inhorn’s development of “reproductive flows”, and the use of Adele Clarke’s “situational analysis”, this paper explores the question: How do global reproductive pathways in and out of Denmark emerge when fertility travellers narrate, negotiate, and cross national borders to go through fertility treatment? Methodologically, we use a multi-sited and multi-modal approach centring on interviews with fertility travellers moving to and from Denmark in combination with ethnographic observations carried out in Danish and Spanish fertility clinics and an analysis of legal regulations. The paper concludes by discussing how the concept of reproductive pathways helps to theorize transnational movements of bodies and contributes to feminist scholarship on transnational reproductive travel.
Original languageEnglish
JournalNORA - Nordic Journal of Feminist and Gender Research
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)112-128
Publication statusPublished - 2018


  • Reproductive pathways
  • feminist scholarship
  • fertility travel
  • reproductive tourism
  • situational analysis


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