Output-Only Estimation of Amplitude Dependent Friction-Induced Damping

Karsten Krautwald Vesterholm*, Tobias Friis, Evangelos Katsanos, Rune Brincker, Anders Brandt

*Corresponding author for this work

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Identification of modal parameters, when a structure is under operational conditions is termed Operational Modal Analysis (OMA). Current OMA techniques are based on the assumption of linear time-invariant systems, and thus have limited applicability when applied to structures known to violate these assumptions. The present study investigates how the Random Decrement (RD) technique can improve robustness of OMA methods when friction-induced nonlinear damping is present in a system. This is done by estimating the amplitude dependent damping. A friction mechanism is introduced in a model of a structure, and by applying the RD technique at different amplitudes of simulated responses, RD signatures are produced, that represent the system vibrating with these amplitude levels. This allows the modal parameters to be estimated based on RD signatures computed with each amplitude level, using time domain parameter estimation methods, and the amplitude dependency of the damping is identified.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDynamics of Civil Structures
EditorsShamim Pakzad
Publication date2020
ISBN (Print)978-3-030-12114-3
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-030-12115-0
Publication statusPublished - 2020
EventInternational Modal Analysis Conference - Orlando, United States
Duration: 28. Jan 201931. Jan 2019
Conference number: 37


ConferenceInternational Modal Analysis Conference
Country/TerritoryUnited States
Internet address
SeriesConference Proceedings of the Society for Experimental Mechanics Series


  • Random decrement
  • Random vibrations
  • Friction-induced nonlinear dmping
  • Operational modal analysis
  • Identification of nonlinearity
  • Friction-induced Nonlinear damping


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