Osteoarthritis year in review 2023: Epidemiology & therapy

Anthony V. Perruccio*, James J. Young, Jessica M. Wilfong, J. Denise Power, Mayilee Canizares, Elizabeth M. Badley

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Objective: To highlight some important findings from osteoarthritis (OA) epidemiology and therapy research undertaken over the past year. Methods: Search of MEDLINE and EMBASE databases between April 1, 2022 to March 3, 2023 using “exp *Osteoarthritis/” as the preliminary search term. The search was limited to articles published in English and including human subjects. Final inclusions were based on perceived importance and results that may inform improved identification of risk factors or OA treatments, as well as OA subgroups of potential relevance to risk factors or treatment approaches. Results: 3182 studies were screened, leaving 208 eligible for inclusion. This narrative review of thirty-three selected studies was arranged into: a) OA predictors – population-based studies, b) Specific predictors of OA and OA outcome; c) Intra-articular injections, and d) OA phenotypes. There was some suggestion of sex differences in predictors of incidence or outcomes. Body mass index changes appear largely to affect knee OA outcomes. Evidence points to a lack of benefit of viscosupplementation in knee OA; findings were variable for other injectables. Studies of OA phenotypes reveal potentially relevant clinical and pathophysiological differences. Conclusions: Identifying risk factors for the incidence/progression of OA represents an ongoing and important area of OA research. Sex may play a role in this understanding and bears consideration and further study. For knee injectables other than viscosupplementation, additional high-quality trials appear warranted. Continued investigation and application of phenotyping across the OA disease, illness and care spectrum may be key to developing disease-modifying agents and their appropriate selection for individuals.

Original languageEnglish
JournalOsteoarthritis and Cartilage
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)159-165
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024


  • Epidemiology
  • Incidence
  • Predictors
  • Progression
  • Review
  • Therapy


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