Optimal Sensors and Actuators Placement for Large-Scale Switched Systems

Masoud Seyed Sakha, Hamid Reza Shaker*, Maryamsadat Tahavori

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


The problem of sensor and actuator placement is computationally expensive in particular in dealing with large-scale systems. This problem is even more computationally intensive in the case of switched systems. In this paper, we propose a new numerical approach for sensor and actuator placement for large-scale switched systems. We first introduce restricted genetic algorithm (RGA). RGA is an evolutionary algorithm which is developed specifically for sensors and actuator placement. We then use RGA to reduce the computational burden of the sensor and actuator placement for switched system. The proposed method uses the generalized gramians for switched systems which are called nice gramians. The nice gramians quantify the level of observability and reachability of switched systems. To the best of our knowledge, this paper presents the first results on sensor and actuator placement of switched systems. We show the effectiveness of the approach with the help of numerical examples.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Dynamics and Control
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)147-156
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2019


  • Actuator placement
  • Restricted genetic algorithm
  • Sensor placement
  • Switched systems


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