OPM: An Ontology-Based Package Manager for Building Operating Systems

Jakob Hviid*, Aslak Johansen*, Fisayo Caleb Sangogboye, Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review


The energy sector is experiencing new challenges with the move to green energy. One of these challenges is keeping a stable energy grid when transitioning the production to unpredictable energy generation from green sources. Demand Response (DR) can mitigate some of the lack of predictability by influencing the consumer's load profile. Unfortunately, the cost of implementing DR, and the required infrastructure, vastly overshadows the benefits for the consumer, thereby negating the incentive to invest. Therefore, reducing the initial cost of investment is a critical factor for the success of DR. Building Operating Systems (BOS) is one possible avenue to achieve DR functionality in buildings. This paper seeks to reduce initial investment costs of BOSes, by introducing an ontology-based package manager (OPM), that dynamically resolves dependencies and installs services. An ontology-based approach to dependency resolution allows for loosely defined dependencies but also takes the context of the service into account, as well as requirements in terms of sensor availability and physical layout of the building. The OPM is evaluated by deploying a BOS and accompanying services for occupancy prediction. By significantly reducing deployment complexity, results show considerable time savings, and thereby cost reductions, on deployment and maintenance activities.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication11th International Conference on the Internet of Things, IoT 2021 - Conference Proceedings
PublisherAssociation for Computing Machinery
Publication date8. Mar 2022
ISBN (Electronic)9781450385664
Publication statusPublished - 8. Mar 2022
EventThe 11th International Conference on the Internet of Things - University of St.Gallen, St. Gallen, Switzerland
Duration: 8. Nov 202111. Nov 2021


ConferenceThe 11th International Conference on the Internet of Things
LocationUniversity of St.Gallen
CitySt. Gallen
Internet address


  • Building operating systems
  • Containerization
  • Dependency resolution
  • Deployment
  • OWL
  • Ontology
  • Package manager


Dive into the research topics of 'OPM: An Ontology-Based Package Manager for Building Operating Systems'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this