On the Use of Safety Certification Practices in Autonomous Field Robot Software Development: A Systematic Mapping Study

Johann Thor Ingibergsson Mogensen, Ulrik Pagh Schultz, Marco Kuhrmann

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Abstract

Robotics has recently seen an increasing development, and the areas addressed within robotics has extended into domains we consider safety-critical, fostering the development of standards that facilitate the development of safe robots. Safety standards describe concepts to maintain desired reactions or performance in malfunctioning systems, and influence industry regarding software development and project management. However, academia seemingly did not reach the same degree of utilisation of standards. This paper presents the findings from a systematic mapping study in which we study the state-of-the-art in developing software for safety-critical software for autonomous field robots. The purpose of the study is to identify practices used for the development of autonomous field robots and how these practices relate to available safety standards. Our findings from reviewing 49 papers show that standards, if at all, are barely used. The ma- jority of the papers propose various solutions to achieve safety, and about half of the papers refer to non-standardised approaches that mainly address the methodical rather than the development level. The present study thus shows an emerging field still on the quest for suitable approaches to develop safety-critical software, awaiting appropriate standards for this support.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProduct-Focused Software Process Improvement : Proceedings of the 16th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement
EditorsPekka Abrahamsson, Luis Corral, Markku Oivo, Barbara Russo
PublisherSpringer
Publication date1. Dec 2015
Pages335-352
ISBN (Print)978-3-319-26843-9
ISBN (Electronic)978-3-319-26844-6
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Dec 2015
Event16th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement - Bozen-Bolzano, Italy
Duration: 2. Dec 20154. Dec 2015
Conference number: 16th

Conference

Conference16th International Conference on Product-Focused Software Process Improvement
Number16th
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityBozen-Bolzano
Period02/12/201504/12/2015
SeriesLecture Notes in Computer Science
Volume9459
ISSN0302-9743

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