Metal-semiconductor-metal plasmonic nanostructures enable both on-chip efficient manipulation and ultrafast photodetection of strongly confined modes by enhancing local electrostatic and optical fields. The latter is achieved by making use of nanostructured thin-film germanium (Ge) plasmonic-waveguide photodetectors. While their sizes and locations can be accurately controlled during the nanofabrication, the detector efficiencies are significantly reduced due to deposited Ge amorphous nature. We demonstrate that the efficiency of waveguide-integrated Ge plasmonic photodetectors can be increased significantly (more than 2 orders of magnitude) by spatially controlled laser-induced Ge crystallization. We investigate both free-space and waveguide-integrated Ge photodetectors subjected to 800 nm laser treatment, monitoring the degree of crystallization with Raman spectroscopy, and demonstrate the efficiency enhancement by detecting the telecom radiation. The demonstrated local postprocessing technique can be utilized in various nanophotonic devices for efficient and ultrafast on-chip radiation monitoring and detection, offering significantly improved detector characteristics without jeopardizing the performance of other components.
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© 2021 American Chemical Society.
- laser-induced crystallization
- on-chip photodetection
- plasmonic waveguides
- surface plasmon polaritons