OccuRE: an Occupancy REasoning Platform for Occupancy-driven Applications

Mikkel Baun Kjærgaard, Aslak Johansen, Fisayo Caleb Sangogboye, Emil Holmegaard

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingArticle in proceedingsResearchpeer-review

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Abstract

Occupant behavior determines a large share of the energy consumption of buildings. Software applications driven by information about occupant behavior provide a mean to optimize this share. However, existing systems for sensing occupancy behavior provide technology-specific APIs statically coupled to the type of computed occupancy information. Software platforms for developing applications for buildings do also not provide abstractions for occupancy behavior. Therefore, technology lock in and lack of proper abstractions wreck the development of occupancy-driven applications. In this paper we present the design, implementation and evaluation of OccuRE, a stream-based Occupancy REasoning platform. OccuRE provides a technology agnostic API for accessing occupancy information to significantly improve portability. The platform uses a component-based computation model with dynamic composition to calculate and reason about occupancy behavior. Together these elements avoid that developers need to deal with technology-specific processing of sensor data to ease application development. Through micro-benchmarks we show that OccuRE successfully and efficiently computes occupancy information for technology-heterogeneous building instrumentations. We use the development of three prototype applications to demonstrate that the API of OccuRE (i) enables several types of occupancy-driven applications, (ii) that the applications - by using the interface - achieve portability in regards to occupancy information computation and (iii) that the application code avoids handling sensor data processing.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings of the 19th International ACM SIGSOFT Symposium on Component-Based Software Engineering
PublisherIEEE Press
Publication date2016
Pages39-48
ISBN (Electronic)978-1-5090-2569-5
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016
Event19th International ACM SIGSOFT Symposium on Component-Based Software Engineering - Venice, Italy
Duration: 5. Apr 20168. Apr 2016

Conference

Conference19th International ACM SIGSOFT Symposium on Component-Based Software Engineering
Country/TerritoryItaly
CityVenice
Period05/04/201608/04/2016

Keywords

  • middleware
  • Occupancy behavior
  • occupancy sensing

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