Occupational performance problems identified by 507 patients: An insight that can guide occupation-based hand therapy

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Abstract

Introduction: Several barriers challenge the use of occupation-based interventions in hand therapy. An outpatient clinical setting can be prepared in such a way as to address the most common occupational performance problems which might promote an occupation-based intervention. To this end, more knowledge is needed about which problems patients with hand-related disorders consider most important. Methods: Interviews using the Canadian Occupational Performance Measure (COPM)were conducted with 507 patients. Data were entered into Microsoft Excel in the COPM categories: Self-care, productivity and leisure and analysed using descriptive statistics. Data concerning main problem areas were categorized according to the Taxonomic Code of Occupational Performance (TCOP). The analysis included the number of prioritized occupational performance problems (NPOPP) in each COPM category/subcategory; the NPOPP in each category is relative to gender and age and the most frequent problems. Results: The total NPOPP was 2384. Problems within productivity and self-care constituted the largest proportion, respectively, 46% and 40%. Gender or age affected the NPOPP in each category to a limited extend. Problems were expressed at all levels in the TCOP, except the lowest level. The most frequently expressed problem was use of utensils when eating. Conclusion: The problems mostly concern productivity and self-care, regardless of gender or age. Patients consider problems at the levels of occupation, activities, tasks and actions to be important and meaningful to address in their intervention. This study provides useful knowledge that can be applied when preparing a setting to address the most common problems, which could lead to the promotion of occupation-based interventions.

Original languageEnglish
JournalHand Therapy
Volume23
Issue number4
Pages (from-to)121-129
ISSN1758-9983
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Dec 2018

Keywords

  • Canadian Occupational Performance Measure
  • hand injuries
  • hand therapy
  • occupation
  • occupational therapy

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