Nursing care of people with dementia in an orthopaedic acute care setting: An integrative literature review

Anders M. Jensen*, Rhonda L. Wilson, Birthe D. Pedersen, Lise Hounsgaard, Ellen B. Tingleff

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review


Aims and Objectives: This integrative literature review is to collect what is known about the care of people with dementia when they require a hospital admission for an orthopaedic surgical procedure and to contribute to developing an evidence-base to support nursing practice when caring for people with dementia in an orthopaedic setting. Background: People with a dementia diagnosis are increasingly common in acute orthopaedic care settings and the admission exposes people with dementia to risks during their hospital stay. In addition, nurses find people with dementia challenging to care for due to the complexity of dual conditions. Little is known specifically about the care requirements for people with dementia in orthopaedic settings. Design: Integrative literature review. Methods: An integrative literature review and qualitative deductive content analysis using McCormack and McCance's theoretical nursing framework (Person-Centred Nursing Framework) of nine studies were undertaken. The process of the review was guided by PRISMA checklist. Results: The care environment and resistance either in passive form, or through physical intervention, is common in orthopaedic nursing. Planning and delivering care for physical, cognitive and emotional needs is identified as being difficult, resulting in a lack of inclusion for patients, partly due to communication challenges. Finding ways to implement tailored care plans within standard ward routines proves difficult, and the consequence is a less than optimal care experience with adverse effects on patients characterised by an increase in dementia symptoms. Conclusions: Care for people with dementia in an orthopaedic setting is complex. It needs to be further studied so that more evidence and supporting literature can contribute to improved care for this group of patients. Relevance to Clinical Practice: This study describes the complexity of providing fundamental care for people with dual conditions of dementia and orthopaedic injury and suggests opportunities for improvement.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Clinical Nursing
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 13. Oct 2022

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2022 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.


  • acute care
  • dementia care
  • integrative review
  • nursing
  • orthopaedic
  • person-centred care


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