No Association Between Previous General Infection and Prosthetic Joint Infection After Total Hip Arthroplasty: A National Register-Based Cohort Study on 58,449 Patients Who Have Osteoarthritis

Rajzan Joanroy*, Sophie Gubbels, Jens Kjølseth Møller, Søren Overgaard, Claus Varnum

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Background: Prosthetic joint infection (PJI) following total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a complication associated with increased risk of death. There is limited knowledge about the association between infection before THA, and risk of revision due to PJI. We investigated the association between any previous hospital-diagnosed or community-treated infection 0 to 6 months before primary THA and the risk of revision. Methods: We obtained data on 58,449 patients who were operated with primary unilateral THA between 2010 and 2018 from the Danish Hip Arthroplasty Register. Information on previous infection diagnoses, redeemed antibiotic prescriptions up to 1 year before primary THA, intraoperative biopsies, and cohabitations was retrieved from Danish health registers. All patients had a 1-year follow-up. Primary outcome was revision due to PJI. Secondary outcome was any revision. We calculated the adjusted relative risk with 95% confidence intervals (CI), treating death as competing risk. Results: Among 1,507 revisions identified, 536 were due to PJI with a cumulative incidence of 1.0% ([CI] 0.9 to 1.2) and 0.9% ([CI] 0.8 to 1.0) for patients who did and did not have previous infection. For any revision, the cumulative incidence was 3.1% ([CI] 2.9 to 3.4) and 2.4% ([CI] 2.3 to 2.6) for patients who did and did not have previous infection. The adjusted relative risk for PJI revision was 1.1 ([CI] 0.9 to 1.4) and for any revision 1.3 ([CI] 1.1 to 1.4) for patients who did have previous infection compared to those who did not. Conclusion: Previous hospital-diagnosed or community-treated infection 0 to 6 months before primary THA does not increase the risk of PJI revision. It may be associated with increased risk of any revision.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Arthroplasty
Volume39
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)501-506.e3
ISSN0883-5403
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2024

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 The Author(s)

Keywords

  • arthroplasty
  • complication
  • infection
  • PJI
  • THA
  • Humans
  • Risk Factors
  • Risk
  • Reoperation/adverse effects
  • Hip Prosthesis/adverse effects
  • Arthroplasty, Replacement, Hip/adverse effects
  • Prosthesis-Related Infections/epidemiology
  • Osteoarthritis/surgery
  • Registries
  • Retrospective Studies
  • Cohort Studies

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