OBJECTIVE: To examine the cumulative incidence of and covariates' association with new onset anxiety and depression in implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) patients during 24 months of follow-up in patients without depression and anxiety at implant.
METHODS: Patients (n = 1040; 155 (14.9%) women; mean age: 64.2 ± 10.6) with a first-time ICD enrolled in the national, multi-center prospective observational DEFIB-WOMEN study comprised the study cohort. We obtained information on demographic and clinical data from the Danish Pacemaker and ICD Register.
RESULTS: During 24 months of follow-up, 138 (14.5%) patients developed new onset anxiety and 109 (11.3%) new onset depression. Age ≥ 60 [HR:0.60;95%CI:0.40-0.90] and an anxiety score between 3 and 4 [HR:2.85; 95%CI:1.71-4.75] and 5-7 [HR:5.97; 95%CI:3.77-9.45] on the Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale (HADS) were associated with different hazards of new onset anxiety during follow-up. Age ≥ 60 [HR:0.62;95%CI:0.42-0.93] and a HADS depression score between 3 and 4 [HR:2.99;95%CI:1.80-4.95] and 5-7 [HR:6.45; 95%CI:4.12-10.10] were associated with different hazards of new onset depression.
CONCLUSION: During 24 months of follow-up, respectively 14.5% and 11.3% of patients developed new onset anxiety and depression, suggesting that screening patients at several timepoints, and in particular those with even minimally elevated HADS scores at baseline, may be warranted to identify patients at risk for poor health outcomes.
|Journal||General Hospital Psychiatry|
|Number of pages||7|
|Publication status||E-pub ahead of print - 17. Jul 2021|