Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) Measured at Admission is Associated With Development of Late Cardiogenic Shock and Mortality in Patients With ST-Segment Elevation Myocardial Infarction

Martin Frydland, Rasmus Møgelvang, Jacob Eifer Møller, Ole K.L. Helgestad, Lene Holmvang, Peter D. Mark, Lisette Okkels Jensen, Christian Hassager

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Abstract

ABSTRACT: In patients with ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) the immune system is activated with an inflammatory response to follow. In STEMI patients with a severe inflammatory response, risk of development of cardiogenic shock (CS) seems increased. Neutrophil Gelatinase-Associated Lipocalin (NGAL) is a glycoprotein released from mature neutrophils and plasma concentration may increase immediately after STEMI. We therefore aimed to assess whether admission NGAL plasma concentration in patients with STEMI was associated with CS development after leaving the catheterization laboratory (late CS) and 30-day all-cause mortality. PATIENTS AND METHODS: From 1,892 consecutive patients with STEMI 1,626 (86%) had plasma NGAL concentration measured upon hospital admission before angiography throughout a 1-year period at two tertiary heart centers in Denmark. Patients were stratified according to NGAL quartiles (Q1-4). To assess late CS development, we adjusted for the Observatoire Régional Breton sur l'Infarctus risk score for late CS. For mortality assessment, we adjusted for gender, age, post-PCI culprit Thrombolysis in myocardial infarction flow, left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF), kidney dysfunction, and being comatose after cardiac arrest. RESULTS: Increasing NGAL concentration was associated with higher age, more comorbidities, and more critical patient conditions including lower blood pressure and LVEF. When adjusted for factors associated with poor outcome, NGAL remained independently associated with both late CS development (Q4 vs. Q1-3) (OR (95% CI) 3.64 (1.79-7.41) and 30-day mortality (HR (95% CI) 3.18 (1.73-5.84)). CONCLUSION: Admission plasma concentration of NGAL in STEMI patients is independently associated with 30-day all-cause mortality and predictive of late CS development.

Original languageEnglish
JournalShock (Augusta, Ga.)
Volume56
Issue number2
Pages (from-to)255-259
ISSN1073-2322
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Aug 2021

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Copyright © 2021 by the Shock Society.

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