Negative acts at work as potential bullying behavior and depression: Examining the Direction of the Association in a 2-Year Follow-Up Study

Annette L Hogh, Paul Maurice Conway, Matias Brødsgaard Grynderup, Maria Gullander, Morten Vejs Willert, E. G. Mikkelsen, R. Persson, J P Bonde, Henrik A. Kolstad, O Mors, R. Rugulies, L. Kaerlev, Å. M. Hansen

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objective: This study investigates the 2-year prospective association between exposure to negative acts at work and depression. Methods: A questionnaire study was carried out among 3363 employees and followed up 2 years later. Negative acts as potential bullying behavior were assessed by the Revised Negative Acts Questionnaire and depression by The Major Depression Inventory or Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews. Logistic regression analyses tested potential associations between depression and negative acts. Results: Exposure to negative acts was associated with depression 2 years later; however, when adjusting for Sense of Coherence and depressive symptoms at baseline the association was no longer significant. Conversely, depression at baseline predicted self-reported exposure to negative acts at follow-up. Conclusions: Depression predicts exposure to negative acts at a 2-year follow-up, whereas negative acts do not predict depression after adjustment for Sense of Coherence and baseline depressive symptoms. © 2016 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.
Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine
Volume58
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)e72-e79
ISSN1076-2752
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

Cite this

Hogh, Annette L ; Conway, Paul Maurice ; Grynderup, Matias Brødsgaard ; Gullander, Maria ; Vejs Willert, Morten ; Mikkelsen, E. G. ; Persson, R. ; Bonde, J P ; Kolstad, Henrik A. ; Mors, O ; Rugulies, R. ; Kaerlev, L. ; Hansen, Å. M. / Negative acts at work as potential bullying behavior and depression : Examining the Direction of the Association in a 2-Year Follow-Up Study. In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine. 2016 ; Vol. 58, No. 3. pp. e72-e79.
@article{a9f4f4e709fd49449d07766b24b24fe9,
title = "Negative acts at work as potential bullying behavior and depression: Examining the Direction of the Association in a 2-Year Follow-Up Study",
abstract = "Objective: This study investigates the 2-year prospective association between exposure to negative acts at work and depression. Methods: A questionnaire study was carried out among 3363 employees and followed up 2 years later. Negative acts as potential bullying behavior were assessed by the Revised Negative Acts Questionnaire and depression by The Major Depression Inventory or Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews. Logistic regression analyses tested potential associations between depression and negative acts. Results: Exposure to negative acts was associated with depression 2 years later; however, when adjusting for Sense of Coherence and depressive symptoms at baseline the association was no longer significant. Conversely, depression at baseline predicted self-reported exposure to negative acts at follow-up. Conclusions: Depression predicts exposure to negative acts at a 2-year follow-up, whereas negative acts do not predict depression after adjustment for Sense of Coherence and baseline depressive symptoms. {\circledC} 2016 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.",
author = "Hogh, {Annette L} and Conway, {Paul Maurice} and Grynderup, {Matias Br{\o}dsgaard} and Maria Gullander and {Vejs Willert}, Morten and Mikkelsen, {E. G.} and R. Persson and Bonde, {J P} and Kolstad, {Henrik A.} and O Mors and R. Rugulies and L. Kaerlev and Hansen, {{\AA}. M.}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1097/JOM.0000000000000622",
language = "English",
volume = "58",
pages = "e72--e79",
journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1076-2752",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "3",

}

Hogh, AL, Conway, PM, Grynderup, MB, Gullander, M, Vejs Willert, M, Mikkelsen, EG, Persson, R, Bonde, JP, Kolstad, HA, Mors, O, Rugulies, R, Kaerlev, L & Hansen, ÅM 2016, 'Negative acts at work as potential bullying behavior and depression: Examining the Direction of the Association in a 2-Year Follow-Up Study', Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, vol. 58, no. 3, pp. e72-e79. https://doi.org/10.1097/JOM.0000000000000622

Negative acts at work as potential bullying behavior and depression : Examining the Direction of the Association in a 2-Year Follow-Up Study. / Hogh, Annette L; Conway, Paul Maurice; Grynderup, Matias Brødsgaard; Gullander, Maria; Vejs Willert, Morten; Mikkelsen, E. G.; Persson, R.; Bonde, J P; Kolstad, Henrik A.; Mors, O; Rugulies, R.; Kaerlev, L.; Hansen, Å. M.

In: Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine, Vol. 58, No. 3, 2016, p. e72-e79.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Negative acts at work as potential bullying behavior and depression

T2 - Examining the Direction of the Association in a 2-Year Follow-Up Study

AU - Hogh, Annette L

AU - Conway, Paul Maurice

AU - Grynderup, Matias Brødsgaard

AU - Gullander, Maria

AU - Vejs Willert, Morten

AU - Mikkelsen, E. G.

AU - Persson, R.

AU - Bonde, J P

AU - Kolstad, Henrik A.

AU - Mors, O

AU - Rugulies, R.

AU - Kaerlev, L.

AU - Hansen, Å. M.

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Objective: This study investigates the 2-year prospective association between exposure to negative acts at work and depression. Methods: A questionnaire study was carried out among 3363 employees and followed up 2 years later. Negative acts as potential bullying behavior were assessed by the Revised Negative Acts Questionnaire and depression by The Major Depression Inventory or Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews. Logistic regression analyses tested potential associations between depression and negative acts. Results: Exposure to negative acts was associated with depression 2 years later; however, when adjusting for Sense of Coherence and depressive symptoms at baseline the association was no longer significant. Conversely, depression at baseline predicted self-reported exposure to negative acts at follow-up. Conclusions: Depression predicts exposure to negative acts at a 2-year follow-up, whereas negative acts do not predict depression after adjustment for Sense of Coherence and baseline depressive symptoms. © 2016 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

AB - Objective: This study investigates the 2-year prospective association between exposure to negative acts at work and depression. Methods: A questionnaire study was carried out among 3363 employees and followed up 2 years later. Negative acts as potential bullying behavior were assessed by the Revised Negative Acts Questionnaire and depression by The Major Depression Inventory or Schedule for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews. Logistic regression analyses tested potential associations between depression and negative acts. Results: Exposure to negative acts was associated with depression 2 years later; however, when adjusting for Sense of Coherence and depressive symptoms at baseline the association was no longer significant. Conversely, depression at baseline predicted self-reported exposure to negative acts at follow-up. Conclusions: Depression predicts exposure to negative acts at a 2-year follow-up, whereas negative acts do not predict depression after adjustment for Sense of Coherence and baseline depressive symptoms. © 2016 American College of Occupational and Environmental Medicine.

U2 - 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000622

DO - 10.1097/JOM.0000000000000622

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 26949892

VL - 58

SP - e72-e79

JO - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

JF - Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine

SN - 1076-2752

IS - 3

ER -