Nazistisk terror mod lægestanden: Lægemordene i Odense 20. februar 1945

Translated title of the contribution: Nazi Terror against the Danish Medical Profession. The February 20, 1945 Murders in Odense

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

On February 20, 1945, during the German occupation of Denmark, members of a notorious Nazi terror organization named the Petergroup murdered four young medical doctors at the city and regional hospital of Odense. On the 70th anniversary of the crime, a symposium was organized at the Odense University Hospital, and a monument revealed close to the site of the murders in commemoration of the four victims of the crime. The young physicians were not known to be connected with the Danish resistance, and they were shot without their murderers even knowing their identities in an attempt to revenge the growing resistance in Denmark's central, third largest city, and as a reprisal for several cases where the hospital had treated wounded resistance fighters, and prevented their being handed over to the German police. The article describes the terror action of February 20, 1945 and its perpetrators, as well as other Nazi attacks on members of the Danish medical profession. It lines out the strong protest voiced by the Danish central administration against the Odense hospital killings which were on the very same day seconded by further killings and a German campaign of blowing up important Odense buildings including two newspaper printing houses. Conclusively, the authors - by way of obituaries and material from relatives of the murdered - portray the four victims of the atrocity Christian Fabricius Møller, Jørgen Hvalkof, Henning Magnus Adelsteen Dalsgaard, and Henning Ørsberg.

Translated title of the contributionNazi Terror against the Danish Medical Profession. The February 20, 1945 Murders in Odense
Original languageDanish
JournalDansk Medicinhistorisk Aarbog
Volume2015
Pages (from-to)153-186
ISSN0084-9588
Publication statusPublished - 31. Dec 2015

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