Motor performance as predictor of physical activity in children - The CHAMPS Study-DK

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Purpose Physical activity (PA) is associated with several health benefits in children, and PA habits developed in childhood tend to persist into adulthood. PA may be the foundation of a healthy lifestyle, and motor performance has been shown to be positively associated with PA in cross-sectional studies. The purpose of this study was to explore the longitudinal relation between motor performance and PA in a 3-yr follow-up study. Methods Longitudinal analyses were performed using data from 673 participants (44% boys, 6-12 yr old) who had been included in the Childhood Health Activity and Motor Performance School study-DK. Baseline motor performance tests consisted of vertical jump, shuttle run, hand grip strength, backward balance, precision throw, and cardiovascular fitness. Composite z-scores were generated to express health-related fitness and performance-related fitness. PA was measured by accelerometer at baseline and at 3-yr follow-up and was expressed as a percentage of time in moderate-to-vigorous PA. Results Cardiovascular fitness, vertical jump, health-related fitness, and performance-related fitness showed significant positive associations with 3-yr follow-up measures of PA in both sexes. Furthermore, shuttle run showed significant inverse associations with follow-up measures of PA for both sexes. Conclusions Cardiorespiratory fitness, shuttle run, vertical jump, health-related fitness, and performance-related fitness were significantly associated with time spent in moderate-to-vigorous PA at 3-yr follow-up. The clinical relevance of the results indicates that cardiorespiratory fitness and shuttle run in childhood may be important determinants of PA in adolescence.

Original languageEnglish
JournalMedicine and Science in Sports and Exercise
Volume47
Issue number9
Pages (from-to)1849-1856
ISSN0195-9131
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2015

Keywords

  • ACTIVITY
  • AGILITY
  • FITNESS
  • LONGITUDINAL ASSOCIATION
  • YOUTH
  • Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
  • Follow-Up Studies
  • Humans
  • Male
  • Motor Activity
  • Exercise Test
  • Female
  • Physical Fitness
  • Child
  • Longitudinal Studies
  • Motor Skills
  • Accelerometry

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