Mortality and prognostic factors of patients who have blood cultures performed in the emergency department: a cohort study

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Abstract

BACKGROUND: Early identification and treatment of patients with severe infection improve their prognosis. The aims of this study were to describe the 30-day mortality and to identify prognostic factors among blood-cultured patients in a medical emergency department (MED).

PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a hospital-based cohort study including all adult (≥15 years old) blood-cultured patients at the MED at Odense University Hospital between 1 August 2009 and 31 August 2011.

RESULTS: During the study period, 5499/11 988 (45.9%) patients had blood cultures performed within 72 h of arrival and were included in the study. Of those included, 2631 (47.8%) were men, median age 69 years (range 15-103), and 418 (7.6%) were diagnosed with bacteraemia. The overall 30-day mortality among blood-cultured patients was 11.0% (10.2-11.9). In a multivariate Cox regression model, age of more than 80 years [hazard ratio (HR) 4.6 (95% CI 3.6-6.0)], at least two organ failure [HR 3.6 (2.9-4.5)], bacteraemia [HR 1.4 (1.1-1.8)], Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2 h [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.0)], SIRS [HR 1.5 (1.2-1.7)], a history of alcohol dependency [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.3)] and late drawing of blood cultures 24-48 h after arrival [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.2)] were found to be prognostic factors of mortality among blood-cultured patients in the MED.

CONCLUSION: Among blood-cultured patients in the MED, we found an 11.0% overall 30-day mortality. Factors associated with 30-day mortality were age more than 80 years, at least two organ failure, bacteraemia, Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2, SIRS, a history of alcohol dependency and late drawing of blood cultures.

Original languageEnglish
JournalEuropean Journal of Emergency Medicine
Volume23
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)166-172
ISSN0969-9546
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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Hospital Emergency Service
Cohort Studies
Comorbidity
Alcohols
Blood Culture
Proportional Hazards Models

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@article{5872c12ecc3c47fd97985becc18030e0,
title = "Mortality and prognostic factors of patients who have blood cultures performed in the emergency department: a cohort study",
abstract = "BACKGROUND: Early identification and treatment of patients with severe infection improve their prognosis. The aims of this study were to describe the 30-day mortality and to identify prognostic factors among blood-cultured patients in a medical emergency department (MED).PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a hospital-based cohort study including all adult (≥15 years old) blood-cultured patients at the MED at Odense University Hospital between 1 August 2009 and 31 August 2011.RESULTS: During the study period, 5499/11 988 (45.9{\%}) patients had blood cultures performed within 72 h of arrival and were included in the study. Of those included, 2631 (47.8{\%}) were men, median age 69 years (range 15-103), and 418 (7.6{\%}) were diagnosed with bacteraemia. The overall 30-day mortality among blood-cultured patients was 11.0{\%} (10.2-11.9). In a multivariate Cox regression model, age of more than 80 years [hazard ratio (HR) 4.6 (95{\%} CI 3.6-6.0)], at least two organ failure [HR 3.6 (2.9-4.5)], bacteraemia [HR 1.4 (1.1-1.8)], Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2 h [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.0)], SIRS [HR 1.5 (1.2-1.7)], a history of alcohol dependency [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.3)] and late drawing of blood cultures 24-48 h after arrival [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.2)] were found to be prognostic factors of mortality among blood-cultured patients in the MED.CONCLUSION: Among blood-cultured patients in the MED, we found an 11.0{\%} overall 30-day mortality. Factors associated with 30-day mortality were age more than 80 years, at least two organ failure, bacteraemia, Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2, SIRS, a history of alcohol dependency and late drawing of blood cultures.",
author = "{Prier Lindvig}, Katrine and Nielsen, {Stig L{\o}nberg} and Henriksen, {Daniel P} and Jensen, {Th{\o}ger G} and Kolmos, {Hans J{\o}rn} and Court Pedersen and Vinholt, {Pernille J} and Lassen, {Annmarie T}",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000250",
language = "English",
volume = "23",
pages = "166--172",
journal = "European Journal of Emergency Medicine",
issn = "0969-9546",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Ltd.",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Mortality and prognostic factors of patients who have blood cultures performed in the emergency department

T2 - a cohort study

AU - Prier Lindvig, Katrine

AU - Nielsen, Stig Lønberg

AU - Henriksen, Daniel P

AU - Jensen, Thøger G

AU - Kolmos, Hans Jørn

AU - Pedersen, Court

AU - Vinholt, Pernille J

AU - Lassen, Annmarie T

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - BACKGROUND: Early identification and treatment of patients with severe infection improve their prognosis. The aims of this study were to describe the 30-day mortality and to identify prognostic factors among blood-cultured patients in a medical emergency department (MED).PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a hospital-based cohort study including all adult (≥15 years old) blood-cultured patients at the MED at Odense University Hospital between 1 August 2009 and 31 August 2011.RESULTS: During the study period, 5499/11 988 (45.9%) patients had blood cultures performed within 72 h of arrival and were included in the study. Of those included, 2631 (47.8%) were men, median age 69 years (range 15-103), and 418 (7.6%) were diagnosed with bacteraemia. The overall 30-day mortality among blood-cultured patients was 11.0% (10.2-11.9). In a multivariate Cox regression model, age of more than 80 years [hazard ratio (HR) 4.6 (95% CI 3.6-6.0)], at least two organ failure [HR 3.6 (2.9-4.5)], bacteraemia [HR 1.4 (1.1-1.8)], Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2 h [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.0)], SIRS [HR 1.5 (1.2-1.7)], a history of alcohol dependency [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.3)] and late drawing of blood cultures 24-48 h after arrival [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.2)] were found to be prognostic factors of mortality among blood-cultured patients in the MED.CONCLUSION: Among blood-cultured patients in the MED, we found an 11.0% overall 30-day mortality. Factors associated with 30-day mortality were age more than 80 years, at least two organ failure, bacteraemia, Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2, SIRS, a history of alcohol dependency and late drawing of blood cultures.

AB - BACKGROUND: Early identification and treatment of patients with severe infection improve their prognosis. The aims of this study were to describe the 30-day mortality and to identify prognostic factors among blood-cultured patients in a medical emergency department (MED).PATIENTS AND METHODS: This was a hospital-based cohort study including all adult (≥15 years old) blood-cultured patients at the MED at Odense University Hospital between 1 August 2009 and 31 August 2011.RESULTS: During the study period, 5499/11 988 (45.9%) patients had blood cultures performed within 72 h of arrival and were included in the study. Of those included, 2631 (47.8%) were men, median age 69 years (range 15-103), and 418 (7.6%) were diagnosed with bacteraemia. The overall 30-day mortality among blood-cultured patients was 11.0% (10.2-11.9). In a multivariate Cox regression model, age of more than 80 years [hazard ratio (HR) 4.6 (95% CI 3.6-6.0)], at least two organ failure [HR 3.6 (2.9-4.5)], bacteraemia [HR 1.4 (1.1-1.8)], Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2 h [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.0)], SIRS [HR 1.5 (1.2-1.7)], a history of alcohol dependency [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.3)] and late drawing of blood cultures 24-48 h after arrival [HR 1.7 (1.3-2.2)] were found to be prognostic factors of mortality among blood-cultured patients in the MED.CONCLUSION: Among blood-cultured patients in the MED, we found an 11.0% overall 30-day mortality. Factors associated with 30-day mortality were age more than 80 years, at least two organ failure, bacteraemia, Charlson Comorbidity Index of at least 2, SIRS, a history of alcohol dependency and late drawing of blood cultures.

U2 - 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000250

DO - 10.1097/MEJ.0000000000000250

M3 - Journal article

C2 - 25710084

VL - 23

SP - 166

EP - 172

JO - European Journal of Emergency Medicine

JF - European Journal of Emergency Medicine

SN - 0969-9546

IS - 3

ER -