In Alzheimer's disease (AD) signs of microglial activation is evident already in prodromal and early AD. This and other evidence suggest that neuroinflammation contributes to the progression of the early disease development in AD. Microglial cells have the capacity to produce cytokines such as TNF and IL-1, and to phagocytose and clear amyloid beta (As), however, the influence of TNF and IL-1, and inflammation in general, on these processes is still poorly understood. We have studied the development of As pathology, and basal and lipopolysaccharide (LPS) stimulated microglial cytokine production in the APPswe/PS1DE9 mouse model of AD. In these mice, cortical As plaque load shows a sigmoidal trajectory with age, as it does in AD. At 12 months of age, when As pathology is welldeveloped, TNF and IL-1s are produced in significantly higher proportions of microglia in the APPswe/PS1DE9 mice, than in wildtype mice. Microglial expression of TNF and IL-1s can be significantly increased by i.p. injection of LPS, which we find reduces cortical As pathology at 12 months. Results will also be reported on the influence of IL-1 in modulating As pathology during early disease stages in APPswe/PS1DE9 mice. Together, the presented work underscores the potential of microglia in modifying As pathology in early AD. Improving the clearance of As in prodromal and early AD, might delay or impede the development of AD.
|Publication status||Published - Aug 2015|
|Event||XII European Meeting on Glial Cell Function in Health and Disease - Bilbao, Spain|
Duration: 14. Jul 2015 → 18. Jul 2015
|Conference||XII European Meeting on Glial Cell Function in Health and Disease|
|Period||14/07/2015 → 18/07/2015|