MEMS tunable metasurfaces based on gap plasmon or Fabry-Pérot resonances

Paul C V Thrane, Chao Meng, Fei Ding, Sergey I Bozhevolnyi*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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Tunable metasurfaces promise to enable adaptive optical systems with complex functionalities. Among possible realizations, a recent platform combining microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) with gap-surface plasmon (GSP) metasurfaces offers high modulation efficiency, broadband operation, and fast response. We compare tunable metasurfaces operating in GSP and Fabry-Pérot (FP) regions by investigating polarization-independent blazed gratings both numerically and experimentally. Peak efficiency is calculated to be ∼75% in both cases (∼40% in measurements), while the operation bandwidth is found larger when operating in the GSP region. Advantages of operating in the FP region include relaxed assembly requirements and operation tolerances. Additionally, simulation and experimental results show that coupling between neighboring unit cells increases for larger air gaps, resulting in deteriorated efficiency. We believe the presented analysis provides important guidelines for designing tunable metasurfaces for diverse applications in miniaturized adaptive optical systems.

Original languageEnglish
JournalNano Letters
Issue number17
Pages (from-to)6951-6957
Publication statusPublished - 14. Sept 2022


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