Measurement of rapid membrane permeation in cell suspensions by application of a generalized capillary method

Beate Klösgen*, Hansjürgen Schönert, Bernhard Deuticke

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

An improved version of the capillary technique for the determination of diffusion coefficients has been developed as a simple method of measuring membrane permeabilities of single cells suspended at relative densities between 0.70 and 0.97. A new, generalized theoretical formulation to describe the diffusion process of a solute in a composite system was derived using a series-parallel-pathway model with explicit consideration of the diffusion pathways inside and between the cells. This renders the technique insensitive to unstirred layer effects. Any single cell population of known size distribution may be investigated. High permeabilities (above 5 · 10-3 cm/s) can be measured with the greatest precision, but lower permeabilities, down to a limit of about 5 · 10-4 cm/s, may also be determined by the method. Measurements in erythrocyte suspensions have been made using non-electrolytes such as hexanol, water and ethylene glycol as test solutes. The permeabilities obtained agree with the values obtained by much more sophisticated equipment. Cell shape was shown to be without significant influence on the permeability data obtained. The procedure may become of particular interest for measurement of suspensions of membrane vesicles.

Original languageEnglish
JournalBBA Biomembranes
Volume939
Issue number1
Pages (from-to)29-39
Number of pages11
ISSN0005-2736
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 22. Mar 1988

Fingerprint

Permeation
Suspensions
Membranes
Cells
Hexanols
Ethylene Glycol
Cell Membrane Permeability
Cell Shape
Large scale systems
Population Density
Water
Equipment and Supplies

Keywords

  • Capillary technique
  • Diffusion coefficient
  • Erythrocyte
  • Membrane permeability
  • Membrane vesicle

Cite this

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title = "Measurement of rapid membrane permeation in cell suspensions by application of a generalized capillary method",
abstract = "An improved version of the capillary technique for the determination of diffusion coefficients has been developed as a simple method of measuring membrane permeabilities of single cells suspended at relative densities between 0.70 and 0.97. A new, generalized theoretical formulation to describe the diffusion process of a solute in a composite system was derived using a series-parallel-pathway model with explicit consideration of the diffusion pathways inside and between the cells. This renders the technique insensitive to unstirred layer effects. Any single cell population of known size distribution may be investigated. High permeabilities (above 5 · 10-3 cm/s) can be measured with the greatest precision, but lower permeabilities, down to a limit of about 5 · 10-4 cm/s, may also be determined by the method. Measurements in erythrocyte suspensions have been made using non-electrolytes such as hexanol, water and ethylene glycol as test solutes. The permeabilities obtained agree with the values obtained by much more sophisticated equipment. Cell shape was shown to be without significant influence on the permeability data obtained. The procedure may become of particular interest for measurement of suspensions of membrane vesicles.",
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Measurement of rapid membrane permeation in cell suspensions by application of a generalized capillary method. / Klösgen, Beate; Schönert, Hansjürgen; Deuticke, Bernhard.

In: BBA Biomembranes, Vol. 939, No. 1, 22.03.1988, p. 29-39.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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AU - Deuticke, Bernhard

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N2 - An improved version of the capillary technique for the determination of diffusion coefficients has been developed as a simple method of measuring membrane permeabilities of single cells suspended at relative densities between 0.70 and 0.97. A new, generalized theoretical formulation to describe the diffusion process of a solute in a composite system was derived using a series-parallel-pathway model with explicit consideration of the diffusion pathways inside and between the cells. This renders the technique insensitive to unstirred layer effects. Any single cell population of known size distribution may be investigated. High permeabilities (above 5 · 10-3 cm/s) can be measured with the greatest precision, but lower permeabilities, down to a limit of about 5 · 10-4 cm/s, may also be determined by the method. Measurements in erythrocyte suspensions have been made using non-electrolytes such as hexanol, water and ethylene glycol as test solutes. The permeabilities obtained agree with the values obtained by much more sophisticated equipment. Cell shape was shown to be without significant influence on the permeability data obtained. The procedure may become of particular interest for measurement of suspensions of membrane vesicles.

AB - An improved version of the capillary technique for the determination of diffusion coefficients has been developed as a simple method of measuring membrane permeabilities of single cells suspended at relative densities between 0.70 and 0.97. A new, generalized theoretical formulation to describe the diffusion process of a solute in a composite system was derived using a series-parallel-pathway model with explicit consideration of the diffusion pathways inside and between the cells. This renders the technique insensitive to unstirred layer effects. Any single cell population of known size distribution may be investigated. High permeabilities (above 5 · 10-3 cm/s) can be measured with the greatest precision, but lower permeabilities, down to a limit of about 5 · 10-4 cm/s, may also be determined by the method. Measurements in erythrocyte suspensions have been made using non-electrolytes such as hexanol, water and ethylene glycol as test solutes. The permeabilities obtained agree with the values obtained by much more sophisticated equipment. Cell shape was shown to be without significant influence on the permeability data obtained. The procedure may become of particular interest for measurement of suspensions of membrane vesicles.

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