Management by Objectives and Results in the Nordic Countries: Continuity and Change, Differences and Similarities

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Abstract

In order to identify continuity or change, this paper analyzes the development processes of the management by objectives and results (MBOR) discourse over time in the central governments of Denmark, Norway, and Sweden. It shows that MBOR has been marked by continuity since its introduction in the 1980s, and has become a central element in the steering and management of agencies in central government in all three countries. Nevertheless, gradual changes that have altered the direction of the MBOR discourse over time can also be identified. The direction changes from autonomy and a simple MBOR system in the early years toward more control and a more comprehensive system in the 1990s, and back again toward more autonomy and a less comprehensive MBOR system in recent years. The development processes in the three countries are characterized by some differences, but seem also to share numerous similarities. Explanations of these differences and similarities are discussed in the final section of the paper.
Translated title of the contributionMål- og resultatstyring i de nordiske lande: Kontinuitet og forandring, forskelle og ligheder
Original languageEnglish
Article number8
JournalPublic Performance and Management Review
Volume38
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)542-569
Number of pages18
ISSN1530-9576
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2015
Externally publishedYes

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