Low diagnostic yield of ST elevation myocardial infarction amplitude criteria in chest pain patients at the emergency department

Thomas Lindow*, Henrik Engblom, Olle Pahlm, Marcus Carlsson, Annmarie Touborg Lassen, Mikkel Brabrand, Jakob Lundager Forberg, Pyotr G. Platonov, Ulf Ekelund

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Objectives: To evaluate the diagnostic yield of the ECG criteria for ST-elevation myocardial infarction in a large cohort of emergency department chest pain patients, and to determine whether extended ECG criteria or reciprocal ST depression can improve accuracy. Design: Observational, register-based diagnostic study on the accuracy of ECG criteria for ST-elevation myocardial infarction. Between Jan 2010 and Dec 2014 all patients aged ≥30 years with chest pain who had an ECG recorded within 4 h at two emergency departments in Sweden were included. Exclusion criteria were: ECG with poor technical quality; QRS duration ≥120 ms; ECG signs of left ventricular hypertrophy; or previous coronary artery bypass surgery. Conventional and extended ECG criteria were applied to all patients. The main outcome was acute myocardial infarction (AMI) and an occluded/near-occluded coronary artery at angiography. Results: Finally, 19932 patients were included. Conventional ECG criteria for ST elevation myocardial infarction were fulfilled in 502 patients, and extended criteria in 1249 patients. Sensitivity for conventional ECG criteria in diagnosing AMI with coronary occlusion/near-occlusion was 17%, specificity 98% and positive predictive value 12%. Corresponding data for extended ECG criteria were 30%, 94% and 8%. When reciprocal ST depression was added to the criteria, the positive predictive value rose to 24% for the conventional and 23% for the extended criteria. Conclusions: In unselected chest pain patients at the emergency department, the diagnostic yield of both conventional and extended ECG criteria for ST-elevation myocardial infarction is low. The PPV can be increased by also considering reciprocal ST depression.

Original languageEnglish
Book seriesScandinavian Cardiovascular Journal
ISSN1401-7431
DOIs
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - Jan 2021

Keywords

  • ECG
  • emergency department
  • myocardial infarction
  • STEMI
  • STEMI criteria

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