Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters

Krzysztof Karbownik, Anthony Wray

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

We explore whether fetal and postnatal exposure to tropical cyclones affects education and income in adulthood by using World War I draft records linked to census data. Difference-in-differences estimates indicate that white males born in hurricane-prone US states who experienced a hurricane in utero or as infants had 5% lower income. Labor force participation was unaffected, while education and migration account for a small portion of the effects on income. Empirical tests suggest the persistent impact of damage is an unlikely channel. Thus, we attribute the findings to lower health capital stemming from temporary disruption in the aftermath of storms.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Labor Economics
Volume37
Issue number3
Pages (from-to)949–1007
ISSN0734-306X
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019

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Natural disasters
Income
Hurricanes
Education
Damage
Labor force participation
World War I
Low income
Census data
U.S. States
Empirical test
Draft
Health capital
Disruption
Difference-in-differences

Cite this

Karbownik, Krzysztof ; Wray, Anthony. / Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters. In: Journal of Labor Economics. 2019 ; Vol. 37, No. 3. pp. 949–1007.
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Long-run Consequences of Exposure to Natural Disasters. / Karbownik, Krzysztof; Wray, Anthony.

In: Journal of Labor Economics, Vol. 37, No. 3, 07.2019, p. 949–1007.

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

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