‘Living by Example?’ The European Union and the Implementation of the Responsibility to Protect (R2P)

Chiara de Franco, Christoph O. Meyer, Karen E. Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalJournal articleResearchpeer-review

Abstract

Most empirical contributions to the normative power Europe (NPE) debate concentrate on whether and when the EU promotes its core internal norms abroad. In contrast, we investigate how norms emerging from international fora come to be accepted and internalised by the EU in the first place. We examine the case of the emerging responsibility to protect norm (R2P) and argue that the EU's implementation has been more limited and slower than one would expect from the NPE procedural ethics of 'living by example'. We examine the potential reasons for this failure to 'live by example': the role of persuasion by norm entrepreneurs; the role of inducements and costs; the goodness of fit between R2P and existing EU norms; and the clarity of the norm. We find that the lack of goodness of fit and clarity of the norm are important factors, but argue that low levels of bureaucratic receptivity were the greatest obstacle.

Original languageEnglish
JournalJournal of Common Market Studies
Volume53
Issue number5
Pages (from-to)994-1009
ISSN0021-9886
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1. Sep 2015

Keywords

  • European External Action Service (EEAS)
  • European Union
  • Norm diffusion
  • Norm implementation
  • Normative Power Europe (NPE)
  • Responsibility to protect

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