Objective: The objective of this study was to assess the association between clinically indicated liraglutide treatment and coronary artery plaque progression during 1-year follow-up in asymptomatic diabetes. Methods: Patients were divided into a group receiving liraglutide (Lira+) and a group not receiving liraglutide (Lira-). Coronary computed tomography angiography (CCTA) was performed to assess total atheroma volume (TAV) and subtypes of plaque volumes (dense calcium, fibrous, fibrous-fatty, and necrotic core plaque) and the plaque progression during one year follow-up. Results: Fifty-five patients (27%) receiving liraglutide and 149 (73%) how did not were included. Changes in TAV during 1-year of follow-up were similar in the two groups (38 ± 180 (Lira+) vs. -1 ± 160 mm3 (Lira-), P = 0.13). A greater increase in fibrous plaque volume was seen in the Lira + vs. the Lira- group (34 ± 129 vs. -2 ± 101 mm3, P = 0.04). Changes over 1-year in the other plaque subtypes were similar in the two groups. Treatment duration of liraglutide was not associated with changes in TAV. Conclusion: In patients with T2D without known prior coronary artery disease, liraglutide treatment was associated with a significant increase in coronary artery fibrous plaque volume during 1-year follow-up.
Bibliographical notePublisher Copyright:
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- Coronary atherosclerosis
- Coronary computed tomography angiography
- Glucagon-like peptide 1 receptor agonist
- Type 2 diabetes mellitus
- Prospective Studies
- Follow-Up Studies
- Computed Tomography Angiography/methods
- Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2/diagnosis
- Coronary Artery Disease/diagnostic imaging
- Plaque, Atherosclerotic/complications
- Coronary Angiography/methods
- Liraglutide/adverse effects